Randomized to 50 mg/day of alpha-tocopherol, 20 mg/day of beta-carotene, both, or placebo

Quantiles of fish intake and n-3 fish oil intake, absolute amount unspecified

After adjusting for energy intake, age, and years of smoking, there were no significant associations found between quantities of fish intake or quantiles of n-3 fish oil intake and the risk of pancreatic cancer.



“For each breast, lung, and prostate cancer, there were significant associations for both increased and decreased risk and far more estimates that did not demonstrate any association.”

“No trend was found across many different cohorts and many different categories of omega-3 fatty acid consumption to suggest that omega-3 fatty acids reduce overall cancer risk.”


The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement