Advisories and warnings about seafood consumption, 2124.

See also Federal advisories about seafood consumption;

State advisories about seafood consumption

European Food Safety Authority, 25

outside the US, 2426

UK’s Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition, 24

World Health Organization, 26

African Americans, in the MEC Study, 3839

AGA. See American Gastroenterological Association

Agency for Health Research and Quality (AHRQ), 67, 96, 250251

Evidence Report/Technology Assessment No. 93, 98

Aging and neurological outcome studies, 104, 658669

case-control studies, 666669

cohort studies, 658667

Agricultural Marketing Act, 223

Agricultural Research Service (ARS), 207

AHA. See American Heart Association

AhR. See Arylhydrocarbon receptor

AHRQ. See Agency for Health Research and Quality

AI. See Adequate intake

ALA. See Alpha-linolenic acid

Alaska, 203, 207, 270

Alaskan Native populations, current seafood intake by, 4041

Allergy and asthma studies, 103, 626627.

See also Food allergies

case-control studies, 480483

cohort studies, 626627

cross-sectional studies, 626627

ecological studies, 482485

effects in children supplemented with omega-3 fatty acids in foods, 474485

effects in infants and children of mothers who increase seafood and/or omega-3 fatty acid intake, 378387

effects in infants supplemented with omega-3 fatty acids in formula, 458461

immunity and benefits to infants from postnatal supplementation through formula, 88

randomized controlled trials, 474475

review studies, 476479

studies on adult, 626627

Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), 18, 21, 45, 48, 53, 6970, 150, 290

dietary intake of fatty acid, 5051

ALSPAC. See Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children

Alzheimer’s disease, 104

research recommendations on, 14, 108

American Dietetic Association (ADA), recommendations from, 2021

American Gastroenterological Association (AGA), 166168

American Heart Association (AHA) Dietary Guidelines, recommendations from, 1920

American Indian populations, current seafood intake by, 4041

Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning (ASP), 170

Analytic samples of the most common seafood types, research recommendations on obtaining larger, 13, 60

Analytical data, recommendations for consistently revising, 7, 178

Anglers, 41, 280

Animal studies, 144

on allergy effects in infants and children of mothers who increase seafood and/or omega-3 fatty acid intake, 418419

on cognitive and motor development effects in infants supplemented with omega-3 fatty acids in formula, 452457

on development effects in infants of mothers who increase seafood and/or omega-3 fatty acid intake, 370377

Annual occurrence of parasitic infections due to consumption of seafood, 167

Antimicrobial/antifungal agents, used at some time for aquaculture production in the US, 171

Antimicrobial resistance in seafood, 176

Aquaculture, 149, 164, 171, 176, 213, 224, 253, 280

Arachidonic acid (AA), 7576, 78, 86, 88

Arctic Circle campaign, 240

Aromatic compounds, chlorinated, 142



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