Arrhythmia, 101102, 280

Arrhythmia studies, 612615

cohort studies, 614615

cross-sectional studies, 614615

randomized controlled trials, 612613

review studies, 612613

ARS. See Agricultural Research Service

Arsenic, risks associated with seafood consumption, 138

Arylhydrocarbon receptor (AhR), 145

Asian American populations, current seafood intake by, 3940

ASP. See Amnesic Shellfish Poisoning

Asthma, 89.

See also Allergy and asthma studies

Atherosclerosis, carotid, 134, 280

Atopic disease, 84, 280

Atrial fibrillation, 101

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), 89

effects in children supplemented with omega-3 fatty acids in foods, 462473

Audience segmentation, 10, 238

Avoidance, of fish from polluted harvest locations, 169, 231

Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), 78, 8183, 132

B

Balancing benefits and risks of seafood consumption, 29, 195216

benefits associated with nutrients from seafood, 45

conclusions, 214215

consumption of seafood in the US, 34

findings, 213214

risks associated with seafood, 56

scientific benefit-risk analysis for seafood consumption, 198213

selections for, 687690

Bayesian hierarchical model, 129, 280

Bayley Psychomotor Development scores, 80

Bayley Scales of Infant Development Mental Index (MDI), 8586

Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), 72

Beef, nutrients in, 4647

Benchmark dose (BMD)

modeling, 136, 280

Benchmark dose lower bound (BMDL), 123, 128, 136137

Bender Visual Motor Gestalt Test, 127

Benefit-risk analysis, 198, 233, 280

identifying target populations for seafood consumption, 253

Benefits and risks of seafood consumption

balancing for healthy consumption, 79, 197198, 207211, 248

decision pathways for balancing, 9, 212

designing communications to support informed decision-making, 250271

guidance for healthy consumption for adolescent males, adult males, and females who will not become pregnant, 208, 210

guidance for healthy consumption for adults at risk of cardiovascular disease, 208

guidance for healthy consumption for children up to age 12, 207210

guidance for healthy consumption for females who are or may become pregnant or who are breast-feeding, 207, 209

population groups and appropriate guidance in balancing, 8

for population subgroups, research recommendations, 13, 60

recommendations for balancing, 7

supporting consumer seafood consumption decisions, 1013, 248273

Benefits associated with nutrients from seafood, 45, 6970

allergy and immunity, 88

cardiovascular disease, cardiovascular mortality, and all-cause morbidity and mortality, 91106

to children, 89

cognitive and motor development, 8588

development in infants and children, 7784

duration of gestation and birth weight, 7377

to the general population, 6869

to infants and children associated with prenatal omega-3 fatty acid intake, 7384



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