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implementation processes promoting collaborative resource management programs between local communities and outside influences such as government, NGOs, and conservation or commercial interests. Among other awards, he has received the occasional Sir Peter Scott Award for Conservation Merit from the IUCN Species Survival Commission (1999), and the EK Janaki Ammal Medal (2002) from the Indian Society of Ethnobotanists for significant contributions and achievements to the field. Cunnningham is from South Africa, and has a doctorate in botany from the University of Cape Town.

Dr. Jane I. Guyer is currently Professor of Anthropology at Johns Hopkins University, after moving in 2002 from Northwestern University where she had been Professor of Anthropology and Director of African Studies since 1994. Professor Guyer, a Woodrow Wilson Fellow in 2003, specializes in African studies, social anthropology, and the study of production and distribution systems, in particular the anthropology of the economy and material life in West and Equatorial Africa. She focuses primarily on the growth and change of indigenous economies, with a special emphasis on food economies and money management outside structured systems. Professor Guyer has authored and co-authored numerous books and articles; her most recent single-authored book is Marginal Gains: Monetary Transactions in Atlantic Africa, which focuses on the function of popular economic systems in Africa, from crisis conditions to ordinary household budgets. Guyer, a U.S. citizen, is from England, and has a doctorate in anthropology from the University of Rochester.

Dr. Hans Herren has been President of the Millennium Institute since 2005. Dr. Herren earlier served as Director General of the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE) in Nairobi for twenty years, prior to which he was with the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture. He is an NAS Foreign Associate (1998), and President of the International Association for the Plant Protection Sciences. An agronomist and entomologist, Dr. Herren has spent most of his working life in Africa, where his research has been on the field-level union of science-led information with local production systems, particularly emphasizing pioneering applications of integrated pest management. His latest research efforts address poverty alleviation, sustainable agricultural productivity, and biodiversity conservation in Africa. Herren's contributions to improving Africa's food security, particularly research and control of the cassava mealybug through the world's largest biological control project, have been recognized through many awards,

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