Limited the number of children—that is had fewer children than desired—to achieve academic success.
Delayed having a second child until after tenure.b
Unproductive Bias Avoidance
Did not take a reduced load when needed for family commitments.
Did not take parental leave even though it was needed.
Missed some of the young children’s important events, because wanted to be taken seriously.
Came back too soon after a new child.
aSurvey results presented are restricted to Research I institutions.
bGiven that on average, if US women are 34 when they receive their PhD, that puts the second childbirth in a woman’s forties. Less than 1% of all live births are to women over the age of 40 even today. So this strategy does not always work.
Section 1--Summaries of Convocation Sessions ."
Biological, Social, and Organizational Components of Success for Women in Academic Science and Engineering: Workshop Report . Washington, DC: The National Academies Press,