2-12

 

Synthetic cohort life course, career processes, and outcomes examined, and data sources,

 

168

2-13

 

Sex-specific probabilities for selected pathways to an S/E baccalaureate,

 

170

2-14

 

Trends in female-male ratio of publication rate,

 

172

Tables

 

Section 1

 

1-1

 

Methods Used by University of California, Berkeley Departments to Enhance Faculty Hiring Pool,

 

79

1-2

 

Intentions of Freshman to Major in Science and Engineering Fields, by Race, Ethnicity, and Sex, 2002,

 

83

 

Section 2

 

2-1

 

The Magnitude of Gender Differences in Mathematics Performance as a Function of Age and Cognitive Level of the Test,

 

129

2-2

 

Effect Sizes for Gender Differences in Mathematics and Science Test Performance Across Countries,

 

133

2-3

 

Total Responses to Question 1,

 

140

2-4

 

Categorization of Question 1 across Year of Award,

 

141

2-5

 

Standardized Mean Gender Difference of Math Achievement Scores Among High School Seniors by Cohort,

 

169

2-6

 

Female-to-Male Ratio of the Odds of Achieving in the Top 5% of the Distribution of Math Achievement Test Scores Among High School Seniors by Cohort,

 

169

2-7

 

Estimated Female-to-Male Ratio of Publication,

 

172

2-8

 

Female-to-Male Odds Ratio of Post-Baccalaureate Career Paths by Family Status,

 

173

2-9

 

Comparison between Conventional Thinking and Our Findings,

 

174

Boxes

1-1

 

Meta-Analysis,

 

12

1-2

 

Stereotype Threat,

 

33

1-3

 

The Economist’s Perspective,

 

57

1-4

 

Bias Avoidance Behaviors,

 

62

1-5

 

Pioneers Have Predictable Problems,

 

65



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