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Acronyms and Abbreviations

25-(OH)D 25-hydroxyvitamin D

ACE Angiotensin converting enzyme

ADMIT Atherosclerotic Disease Multiple Intervention Trial

AI Adequate Intake

AMDR Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range

ARBITER Trial Arterial Biology for the Investigation for the Treatment Effects of Reducing Cholesterol

AREDS Age-Related Macular Degeneration Study

BP Blood pressure

CNPP Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion

CRIC Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort

CRP C-reactive protein

CSFII Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals

cSHMT Cytoplasmic serine hydroxymethyltransferase

C-SIDE Software that implements methods to estimate the usual intake distributions, available through Iowa State University

CVD Cardiovascular disease

DBP Diastolic blood pressure

DFE Dietary folate equivalents

DHA Docosahexaenoic acid

DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid

DRI Dietary Reference Intake



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OCR for page 295
Dietary Reference Intakes Research Synthesis Workshop Summary G Acronyms and Abbreviations 25-(OH)D 25-hydroxyvitamin D ACE Angiotensin converting enzyme ADMIT Atherosclerotic Disease Multiple Intervention Trial AI Adequate Intake AMDR Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range ARBITER Trial Arterial Biology for the Investigation for the Treatment Effects of Reducing Cholesterol AREDS Age-Related Macular Degeneration Study BP Blood pressure CNPP Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion CRIC Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort CRP C-reactive protein CSFII Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals cSHMT Cytoplasmic serine hydroxymethyltransferase C-SIDE Software that implements methods to estimate the usual intake distributions, available through Iowa State University CVD Cardiovascular disease DBP Diastolic blood pressure DFE Dietary folate equivalents DHA Docosahexaenoic acid DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid DRI Dietary Reference Intake

OCR for page 295
Dietary Reference Intakes Research Synthesis Workshop Summary EAR Estimated Average Requirement EDTA Ethylendiaminetetraacetic acid EPA Eicosapentaenoic acid ERS Economic Research Service FAD Flavin-adenine dinucleotide FAO Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations FMN Flavin mononucleotide GI Gastrointestinal HDL-C High-density lipoprotein cholesterol HIV Human immunodeficiency virus IAAB Indicator amino acid balance IAAO Indicator amino acid oxidation ISU Iowa State University LDL Low-density lipoprotein MeSH Medical Subject Heading MTHFD1 Methyl-tetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase 1 MTHFR Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase NAP National Academies Press NCI National Cancer Institute NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey—a survey conducted periodically by the National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention NHBLI National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute NIH National Institutes of Health NYC Health Dept New York City Health Department OPEN Observing Protein and Energy Nutrition Study

OCR for page 295
Dietary Reference Intakes Research Synthesis Workshop Summary PEMT Phosphatidylethanolamin-N-methyltransferase PLCO Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian Cancer Cohort PLS-DA Partial Least Squares for Discriminant Analysis. A multivariate inverse least squares discrimination method used to classify samples PTH Parathyroid hormone RAE Retinol activity equivalents RDA Recommended Dietary Allowance SBP Systolic blood pressure SELECT Selenium and Vitamin E Chemoprevention Trial SNDA School Nutrition Dietary Assessment Studies SNP Single nucleotide polymorphism SUVIMAX Suppléments en Vitamines et Minéraux Antioydants TEE Total Energy Expenditure TfR Transferrin receptor TNF-alpha Tumor necrosis factor-alpha UL Tolerable Upper Intake Level USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture WHO World Health Organization

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