ACRONYMS

ASCO American Society of Clinical Oncology

ASR Analyte-Specific Reagent

CAP College of American Pathologists

CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

CLIA Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendment

CPT Current Procedural Terminology

EGAPP Evaluation of Genomic Applications in Practice and Prevention

EGF Epidermal Growth Factor

EGFR Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor

FDA Food and Drug Administration

FISH Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization

HER2 Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2

HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

IHC Immunohistochemistry

IVD In Vitro Diagnostic

LOH Loss of Heterozygosity

mRNA Messenger Ribonucleic Acid

MIAME Minimum Information About a Microarray Experiment

NBN National Biospecimen Network

NCCN National Comprehensive Cancer Network

NCI National Cancer Institute

NICE National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (of the United Kingdom)

NIH National Institutes of Health (of the United States)

PET Positron Emission Tomography

PMA Premarket Approval

PSA Prostate-Specific Antigen

QALY Quality-Adjusted Life-Year

SNP Single Nucleotide Polymorphism

SOP Standard Operating Procedure

SPORE Specialized Programs of Research Excellence

TEC Technology Evaluation Center (of BlueCross BlueShield)

USPSTF United States Preventive Services Task Force



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OCR for page 85
Developing Biomarker-Based Tools for Cancer Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment: The State of the Science, Evaluation, Implementation, and Economics ACRONYMS ASCO American Society of Clinical Oncology ASR Analyte-Specific Reagent CAP College of American Pathologists CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services CLIA Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendment CPT Current Procedural Terminology EGAPP Evaluation of Genomic Applications in Practice and Prevention EGF Epidermal Growth Factor EGFR Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor FDA Food and Drug Administration FISH Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization HER2 Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act IHC Immunohistochemistry IVD In Vitro Diagnostic LOH Loss of Heterozygosity mRNA Messenger Ribonucleic Acid MIAME Minimum Information About a Microarray Experiment NBN National Biospecimen Network NCCN National Comprehensive Cancer Network NCI National Cancer Institute NICE National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (of the United Kingdom) NIH National Institutes of Health (of the United States) PET Positron Emission Tomography PMA Premarket Approval PSA Prostate-Specific Antigen QALY Quality-Adjusted Life-Year SNP Single Nucleotide Polymorphism SOP Standard Operating Procedure SPORE Specialized Programs of Research Excellence TEC Technology Evaluation Center (of BlueCross BlueShield) USPSTF United States Preventive Services Task Force