94. H.Lawroski et al., “What Would Happen if High-Level Nuclear Wastes Were Stored Near the Surface of the Earth?” (Paper prepared for the Tucson Waste Symposium, March 1979).


95. “Report to the American Physical Society by the Study Group on Nuclear Fuel Cycles and Waste Management,” op. cit.


96. Committee on Radioactive Waste Management, Panel on Hanford Wastes, op. cit.


97. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Safeguarding a Mixed-Oxide Industry: A Technical Report to Assist in Understanding Safeguarding (Washington, D.C.: Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NUREG-0414), 1978), Table 3.5, pp. 3–17.


98. J.W.Roddy et al., Correlation of Radioactive Waste-Treatment Cost and Environmental Impact of Waste Effluents in the Nuclear Fuel CycleFabrication of High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Fuel Containing Uranium-233 and Thorium (Oak Ridge, Tenn.: Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL/NUREG/TM-5), 1977).


99. The use of denatured cycles in the light water breeder reactor and high-temperature gas-cooled reactor has the advantage that the uranium and thorium are physically separated. On recycle, most of the uranium can be coprocessed with the thorium to yield a desirably denatured product, and only a fraction of the core material requires “salting” with 235U. Also, the higher the conversion ratio, the less feed of 235U is needed.


100. M.Levenson, and E.Zebroski, “A Fast Breeder System Concept—A Diversion-Resistant Fuel Cycle” (Paper presented at the Fifth Energy Technology Conference, Washington, D.C., February 27, 1978).


101. U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Safeguarding a Mixed-Oxide Industry, op. cit., chap. 5.


102. See, for example, Theodore B.Taylor and Mason Willrich, Nuclear Theft: Risks and Safeguards (Cambridge, Mass.: Ballinger Publishing Co., 1974).


103. Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution, Sir Brian Flowers, Chairman, Nuclear Power and the Environment, 1976.


104. R.W.Fox, Chairman, Ranger Uranium Environmental Inquiry, October 1976.


105. Nuclear Energy Policy Group, op. cit.


106. Richard K.Betts, “Paranoids, Pygmies, Pariahs, and Non-Proliferation,” Foreign Policy (1977):157–193.


107. Ted Greenwood, George W.Rathjens, and Jack Ruina, “Nuclear Power Technology and Nuclear Weapons Proliferation,” unpublished monograph, July 1976.

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