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BOX 1-1

Commonly Used Data Sets

BRFSS

Behavior Risk Factor Surveillance Survey.

State-level prevalence of current tobacco use and cessation among adults (ages 18 years and older). All 50 states have participated since 1996.

CPS

Current Population Survey Tobacco Use Supplement.

National- and state-level prevalence of tobacco use and cessation behavior among individuals ages 15 years and older.

MTF

Monitoring the Future.

National-level prevalence of cigarette use, age at initiation, and cessation behavior among students in the 8th, 10th, and 12th grades, as well as young adults.

NHIS

National Health Interview Survey.

National-level prevalence of tobacco use and cessation behavior among adults. Surveillance data have been collected since 1965, with changes in the definitions of current and former smoker made in 1991.

NSDUH

National Survey on Drug Use and Health.

Formerly the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. National-level prevalence of tobacco use by specific form, including bedes and kreteks among individuals ages 12 years and older. Surveillance since 2002.

YBRSS

Youth Behavior Risk Surveillance System.

traditionally been less likely to initiate smoking behavior than adolescents, but their initiation rates also declined, from an annual level of 89.4 first-time smokers per 1,000 people in 1965 to one of 67.5 per 1,000 in 2003 (SAMHSA 2005). It should be noted, however, that despite this overall decline in initiation since 1965, trends over the past twenty years are not entirely encouraging. Developments in youth and young adult initiation over the past two decades are discussed in further detail later in the chapter when the committee more closely reviews recent developments.

Industry Response

These reductions in smoking over the past half century represent hard-won successes for tobacco control programs, because efforts to reduce tobacco consumption have frequently been countered by the tobacco industry in ways designed to maintain its customer base. Just as it did in the early part of the 20th century, the tobacco industry has recently attempted to use pricing, new product development, and advertising to counteract health-driven declines in tobacco consumption (Chaloupka et al. 2002).



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