as by depending on it to support their objectives directly. Examples are the programs of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) established by the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA), seeking lower costs for buying homes, and the many federal programs aimed at developing and employing the professional human resources of the nation.
Any federal initiatives in this field will be in an intergovernmental context. One of the first items on any federal agenda for a multipurpose cadastre should be to resolve a clear statement of the objectives of federal initiative, whether by one agency or an interagency consortium. Land-Information Systems can mean so many different things to different people that confusion of objectives is one of the greatest risks to success of a federal effort.
The list following this paragraph offers a few suggestions of the general areas into which the long-range objectives of a federal initiative might fall. The more immediate, short-range objectives are too varied and too specific to individual agencies and programs to attempt any listing here.
Promote sharing of technology and of data through use of common standards for definitions of terms and for data quality.
Encourage volume production of software and equipment, to realize lower costs.
Encourage and support the establishment of centers of excellence in land-information science.
Create opportunities for useful employment of young people with professional education.
Speed up the delivery of benefits of the multipurpose cadastre in each locality, as detailed in Table 1.1, for example:
Better access for individual land owners and citizens to land records that may affect their personal interests.
Better informed public decisions through access to shared records of all public actions affecting specific land parcels.
More effective land-use planning and protection of scarce land-based resources through accurate records of land qualities and existing restrictions.
More fair and equal taxation of real estate through total accounting of real property.
Clearing up of confusions or inconsistencies in present records relating to adjacent land parcels.
More effective management of public lands.
Lower costs for public utilities through sharing of basic geographic data.