be needed to flesh out the program and its expected benefits. The Industries of the Future Program might be an example where separate panels for chemicals, glass, steel, and so on might have budgets less than $10 million each.

About 40 panels would be needed. Since the assessment should occur every 3 years, there would be 12 or 13 assessments and panels each year. It is suggested that three be initiated every quarter. The oversight committee would meet three times a year to review panel reports as they are completed for consistency and provide feedback to the panels.

There are several options for full-scale implementation. First, the DOE needs to decide whether or not it wants to (1) conduct these reviews in-house using an internal committee or DOE-appointed committee, or (2) use an external third-party institution such as the NRC, which does these types of reviews for the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the Army Research Laboratories, or a contractor in the model of JASON.2


JASON is a third-party review of the DOD weapons program, established in the 1950s, managed by MITRE Corporation and funded by the Department of Defense Research and Engineering. JASON was formed by academic scientists to give advice to the U.S. government. A recently published book gives a very good description of the origin of JASON and how it has evolved during the past 50 years (Finkbeiner, 2006).

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