Appendixes



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Innovation Inducement Prizes: At the National Science Foundation Appendixes

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Innovation Inducement Prizes: At the National Science Foundation Appendix A Comparison of Recent Prize Competitions TABLE A-1 Comparison of Recent Prize Competitions   NASA Centennial Challenges DARPA Grand Challenge 2004, 2005, 2007 NAE Grainger Challenge Ansari X-Prize Target Technology for space exploration Autonomous vehicles Arsenic removal from water supply in LDCs Private space travel Type Variety of annual and one-time challenges (generally best in class) Annual or biannual races One-time prize (best in class) One-time prize (best in class) Prize purse $200,000-$2.5 million (prize amounts to increase over time) $1 million per race 1st $1 million 2nd $200, 000 3rd $100, 000 $10 million Federal employee eligibility No Yes (using free time) Yes (using free time) N/A

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Innovation Inducement Prizes: At the National Science Foundation   NASA Centennial Challenges DARPA Grand Challenge 2004, 2005, 2007 NAE Grainger Challenge Ansari X-Prize Foreign nationality eligibility No Yes (except team leaders must be U.S. citizens) No (U.S. citizen at U.S. institution or resident in the U.S. at the time of award) Yes Participants required to register Yes Yes Yes Yes Screening of participants Yes (for safety where applicable) Yes Yes (15 entries cleared for physical testing) Yes (primarily for safety and seriousness) IP rights Contestant has title (NASA retains option for nonexclusive license) Contestant has title (DARPA retains nonexclusive license) Contestant has title (NAE obtains license in order to test) Contestant has title Media rights Requires that contestants relinquish some media rights Not in the rules Not in the rules Contestants relinquish some media rights Intermediate awards No Yes No No Funding source NASA appropriations ($500,000 from private sources for $2.5 million Lunar Lander challenge) DARPA appropriations Nonprofit foundation Insurance policy purchased with private funding Administration NGOs without compensation under Space Act agreements DARPA NAE X-Prize Foundation Future prizes Planetary Unmanned Vehicle Challenge 2007 Urban Challenge; prize authority extended to other parts of DOD Unknown X-Prize Cup; Auto X; Genomics X