Bloch built national support for advances in high-performance computing and networking and led in transitioning the NSFNET to the commercialized Internet. He also established NSF’s Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate, the Engineering Research Centers program, and the Science and Technology Centers program. Mr. Bloch is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering, the Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences, a fellow of IEEE, and a foreign member of the Engineering Academy of Japan. From 1992 to 1996 Mr. Bloch was chairman of the National Research Council’s Japan Affairs Committee. He received his education in electrical engineering at the Federal Polytechnic Institute of Zurich and earned a bachelor of science degree in electrical engineering from the University of Buffalo in 1952.

STUART I. FELDMAN joined IBM in 1995 and is now vice president, computer science in IBM Research. He is responsible for driving the firm’s long-term exploratory worldwide science strategy in computer science and related fields, such as mathematics, management sciences, and social sciences. Dr. Feldman leads programs for adventurous research and university collaborations, represents computer science research at senior management levels in IBM, and is the technical leader of the Research Division’s solution engineering initiative. Earlier positions at IBM included vice president for on demand business transformation strategy in IBM Research, vice president for Internet technology and director of IBM’s Institute for Advance Commerce. Dr. Feldman did his academic work (A.B., Princeton, and Ph.D., MIT) in astrophysics and mathematics. He is a fellow of the IEEF and fellow and president of ACM, from which he received the Software System Award in 2003. In 2005 he received the Academy of Management Distinguished Executive Award. Before Joining IBM he was a computer science researcher at Bell Labs and a research manager at Bellcore. Dr. Feldman has taught e-commerce courses at Yale School of Management and is a consulting professor of information technology at Carnegie Mellon West.

MERTON C. FLEMINGS is professor of materials science and engineering, and director of the Lemelson-MIT program, which honors inventors and encourages inventiveness among young people. He received his S.B. degree from MIT in the Department of Metallurgy in 1951 and his S.M. and Sc.D. degrees in 1952 and 1954, respectively. He has been a professor at MIT since 1956 and was head of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering from 1982 to 1995. Dr. Flemings was the founding director of the MIT Materials Processing Center. His research and teaching focus on engineering fundamentals of materials processing and on innovation of materials processing operations. He is a member of the National

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