APPENDIX C
POPs Survey and Results

Several Ph.D. candidates from the Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences in China attended the workshop. At the workshop, they distributed the survey included in this appendix to gain greater understanding of participants’ views regarding POPs management. Some of their observations on the survey results are included in this appendix although they were not explicitly discussed at the workshop.


Questionnaire


As a by-product of the Sino-US Workshop on Science-based Decision Making – on POPs, this questionnaire is intended to gather some qualitative information on the status quo of POPs management in both USA and China for the purpose of comparative studies. Your contribution is appreciated very much.


Nationality: China( ) USA( ) Others:( )

Profession: scientist( ), governmental officer( ), company manager( ), others( )

Education background: B.Sc( ); M.Sc( ); Ph.D( )

Age: 20-30( ); 30-40( ); 40-50( ); 50-60( ); >60( )

Gender: M( ), F( )

Note: please put a mark by your choice. If you choose more than 2 options please indicate your priorities and mark and so on.

POPs Information

  1. How did you learn about POPs ?

    __Magazine __Literature __TV and Radio __Newspaper __Internet Conference other (please specify):

  2. Which kind of information and data related POPs do you most care about?

    __Production __Use __Management __substitute __clean technologies __information on “best practices” __impacts on human health and environmental quality __other (please specify):

  3. How widely are POPs issues known and understood in your country? By any of the following:

    __General public __government __professional __organization __Scientists __other (please specify):



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OCR for page 27
Implementing the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants: Summary of a Workshop in China APPENDIX C POPs Survey and Results Several Ph.D. candidates from the Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences in China attended the workshop. At the workshop, they distributed the survey included in this appendix to gain greater understanding of participants’ views regarding POPs management. Some of their observations on the survey results are included in this appendix although they were not explicitly discussed at the workshop. Questionnaire As a by-product of the Sino-US Workshop on Science-based Decision Making – on POPs, this questionnaire is intended to gather some qualitative information on the status quo of POPs management in both USA and China for the purpose of comparative studies. Your contribution is appreciated very much. Nationality: China( ) USA( ) Others:( ) Profession: scientist( ), governmental officer( ), company manager( ), others( ) Education background: B.Sc( ); M.Sc( ); Ph.D( ) Age: 20-30( ); 30-40( ); 40-50( ); 50-60( ); >60( ) Gender: M( ), F( ) Note: please put a mark by your choice. If you choose more than 2 options please indicate your priorities and mark and so on. POPs Information How did you learn about POPs ? __Magazine __Literature __TV and Radio __Newspaper __Internet Conference other (please specify): Which kind of information and data related POPs do you most care about? __Production __Use __Management __substitute __clean technologies __information on “best practices” __impacts on human health and environmental quality __other (please specify): How widely are POPs issues known and understood in your country? By any of the following: __General public __government __professional __organization __Scientists __other (please specify):

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Implementing the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants: Summary of a Workshop in China Is the information on POPs easily and quickly available? __Y __N Are the information and data on POPs adequate and reliable? __Y __N What do you expect of the role and the responsibility of scientists in environmental management and policy making? __Scientists should only report scientific results and leave others to make POPs management /policy decisions __Scientists should report scientific results and then interpret the results for others involved in POPs management/policy decisions __Scientists should work closely with managers and others to integrate scientific results in management/policy decisions __Scientists should actively advocate specific POPs management policies __Scientists should be responsible for making decisions about POPs management/policy decisions __Other (please specify): What are the barriers to timely and effective information exchange on POPs management? __Poor access to information and to computers and/or Internet connection __Poor computer training (not able to make effective use of Internet) __Language barrier __Lack of financial support __Lack of technical support __Other (please specify): What solutions do you expect to strengthen the capability of POPs information exchange? __Drawing attention to the POPs information campaign for the general public; __Organizing international co-operation on POPs __Improving the access to new technologies and the latest knowledge on POPs __Helping strengthen communication between scientists, business leaders, municipal staff and shareholders. __Development of handbooks about POPs or chemicals management. __Establishment of a repository to capture and make readily available all information to other users. __Other (please specify):

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Implementing the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants: Summary of a Workshop in China POPs Policy Which programs has your country implemented to promote the reduction/ elimination of POPs? Please indicate your choice by Yes, Partially or Not. __Take the legal and administrative measures to eliminate the production, use, and input/output of POPs __Develop an action plan to reduce the releases of by-products of POPs __Take measures to reduce or eliminate releases from stockpiles and wastes __Develop implementation plans under the Stockholm Convention __Promote public information, awareness and education with regard to POPs __Support and further develop appropriate research, development, monitoring and cooperation programs pertaining to POPs and to their alternatives and to candidate POPs. __Other (please specify): Have these programs addressed the specific needs of indigenous and local communities? Please specify: __Yes __No Does your country have any incentives for enterprises or stockholders to voluntarily reduce POPs? __Yes __No If the answer is yes, please indicate how it is operated? __Tax rebate __Subsidy __Market entry __Other: Is there any sanction to be applied in case of violation of the regulations? __Fines __Withdrawal of authorizations __Imprisonment __Other: Who has the responsibility or authority for chemical safety in your country? If you choose more than one options please indicate the order of priority of responsibility. __Environment __Health __Agriculture __Industry __Finance __Customs __Labour __Transport __Other (please specify): How is Chemical safety regulation established in your country? __through separate Act __through separate Act and executive orders __through separate ministerial decrees __through decrees by several ministries __Other (please specify):

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Implementing the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants: Summary of a Workshop in China Please list the most significant/current problems your country has to face in the field of POPs. Please order in priority 1, 2, 3 etc. __Improper storage, incineration, or recycling __Lack of labeling of hazardous chemicals on sale __Lack of expertise on chemicals training and technology centre __Ignorance of the dangers among officials associated with chemicals capacity building __The sector's obsolete technology and equipment __Lack of an integrated prevention system for major industrial accidents and preparation of an emergency plan of action __Lack of resources (financial and technical support) __Other (please specify): Where possible, please briefly indicate what is needed to solve these problems: What expectations do you have for the implementation of Stockholm conventions in USA and in China in period 2004-2014? Please indicate your expected order of priorities for achievement. 1. Development of funding and management mechanisms for the Stockholm Conventions 2. Exchange of experience in management of pesticides and out-of-date chemicals 3. Development of a Plan of Action for POPs control. 4. Development strategy to reduce illegal trans-boundary transport and trade in hazardous products 5. Development of a strategy to exchange expertise 6. Development of preventive and health-protection methods and safety measures for workers in the chemical and agricultural sectors 7. Introduction of a risk-reduction program for hazardous chemicals 8. Harmonization of classification and labeling of chemicals For China: For USA: THANKS FOR YOUR VALUABLE ADVICE!