extracting information from the observing systems if the community plans appropriately for archiving of the required satellite data (NRC, 2005).

Transition of Science Results to Operations and to Users: Agency Collaborations

Without the required flow of new weather science research results to users, the vision of the weather panel will not be realized. Societal and economic applications will be inefficient without the design of end-to-end, research-to-operations, and operations-to-users systems for the coming decades (see NRC, 2000, 2003a,b, 2004). The end-to-end data and product-distribution systems are vital to a successful Earth science program. Academe, the public, the private sector, and user groups must all be parts of the overall program of each new mission. Agencies leading Earth science and applications from space need flexible mechanisms to work together and with external constituencies to fully exploit opportunities in the coming decades.

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