F
Acronyms and Abbreviations

3-D Winds Three-Dimensional Tropospheric Winds from Space-based Lidar

ABBA automated biomass burning algorithm

ABI advanced baseline imager

ABYSS Altimetric Bathymetry from Surface Slopes

A-CD Aerosol-Cloud Discovery (mission)

ACE aerosol-cloud-ecosystem

ACRIM Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor

ADM Atmospheric Dynamics Mission

AERONET Aerosol Robotics Network

AGAGE Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment

AIRS Aerometric Information Retrieval System or Atmospheric Infrared Sounder

ALOS Advanced Land Observing Satellite

ALT radar altimeter

AMSR-E Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer-Earth Observation System

AMSU Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit

AOD Aerosol Optical Depth

APS advanced polarimetric sensor

AQI air quality index

ARIES Atmospheric Remote-Sensing and Imaging Emission Spectrometer

ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement

ASCAT advanced scatterometers

ASCENDS Active Sensing of CO2 Emissions over Nights, Days and Seasons

ASTER Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer

ATLS Across Trophic Level Systems

ATMS Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder

ATOMMS Active Temperature, Ozone, and Moisture Microwave Spectrometer

AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer

AVIRIS Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer

BC blackcarbon

BRDF bidirectional reflectance distribution function

BSRN broadband solar radiometer



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F Acronyms and Abbreviations 3-D Winds Three-Dimensional Tropospheric Winds from Space-based Lidar ABBA automated biomass burning algorithm ABI advanced baseline imager ABYSS Altimetric Bathymetry from Surface Slopes A-CD Aerosol-Cloud Discovery (mission) ACE aerosol-cloud-ecosystem ACRIM Active Cavity Radiometer Irradiance Monitor ADM Atmospheric Dynamics Mission AERONET Aerosol Robotics Network AGAGE Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment AIRS Aerometric Information Retrieval System or Atmospheric Infrared Sounder ALOS Advanced Land Observing Satellite ALT radar altimeter AMSR-E Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer-Earth Observation System AMSU Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit AOD Aerosol Optical Depth APS advanced polarimetric sensor AQI air quality index ARIES Atmospheric Remote-Sensing and Imaging Emission Spectrometer ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement ASCAT advanced scatterometers ASCENDS Active Sensing of CO2 Emissions over Nights, Days and Seasons ASTER Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer ATLS Across Trophic Level Systems ATMS Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder ATOMMS Active Temperature, Ozone, and Moisture Microwave Spectrometer AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer AVIRIS Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer BC blackcarbon BRDF bidirectional reflectance distribution function BSRN broadband solar radiometer

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CALIPSO Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations CAMEO Composition of the Atmosphere from Mid-Earth Orbit C-CAN Continuous Coastal Awareness Network CCSP Climate Change Science Program CDOM colored dissolved organic matter CDR climate data record CERES Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System CHAMP Coral Health and Monitoring Project or Challenging Minisatellite Payload CHARMS Cloud Height and Altitude-Resolved Motion Stereo-imager CHASM Cloud Hydrology and Albedo Synthesis Mission CIMSS Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies CLARREO Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory CLIVAR Climate Variability and Predictability CLPP Cold Land Processes Pathfinder CM1 Climate Mission 1 CMDL Climate Monitoring and Diagnostics Laboratory CME coronal mass ejection CMIS Conical-Scanning Microwave Imager/Sounder CNES Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales C/NOFS Communication/Navigation Outage Forecasting System COCOA Coastal Ocean Carbon Observations and Applications COSMIC Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate COSPAR Committee on Space Research CPR cloud profiling radar CrIS cross-track infrared sounder CRYSTAL FACE Cirrus Regional Study of Tropical Anvils and Cirrus Layers-Florida Area Cirrus Experiment CTM chemical transport models CZCS coastal zone color scanner DESDynl Deformation, Ecosystem Structure, and Dynamics of Ice DIAL Differential Absorption Lidar DLR German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft-und Raumfahrt e.V.) DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program DOC dissolved organic carbon DOD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy DOM dissolved organic matter DSCOVR Deep Space Climate Observatory DWL Doppler wind lidar ECMWF European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts EDR environmental data record EIT Extreme-ultraviolet Imaging Telescope ENSO El Niño Southern Oscillation Envisat environmental satellite EOS Earth Observing System E—P freshwater flux EPA Environmental Protection Agency ERA-40 European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts 40-yr global reanalysis ERB Earth radiation budget ERBE Earth Radiation Budget Experiment ERBS Earth radiation budget sensor ERS European Remote-Sensing Satellites ESA European Space Agency ESAP Earth Science Applications Pathfinder ESSP Earth System Science Pathfinder ETM+ Enhanced Thematic Mapper + EUV extreme ultraviolet

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FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency FOV field of view FY fiscal year GACM Global Atmospheric Composition Mission GAW Global Atmosphere Watch GCOS Global Climate Observing System GEO geostationary Earth orbit GEO-CAPE Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events GeoSAR Geographic Synthetic Aperture Radar GEOSS Global Earth Observing System of Systems GEWEX Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment GFE government furnished equipment GFO Geosat Follow-On GIFTS Geostationary Imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometer GISMO Glaciers and Ice Sheets Mapping Orbiter GLAS Geoscience Laser Altimeter System GLONASS Global Navigation Satellite System GNSS Global Navigating Satellite System GOCE European Gravity Field and Steady State Ocean Circulation Explorer GODAE Global Ocean Data Assimilation Experiment GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite GOES-R Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R (the next generation of GOES satellites) GOME Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment GPM Global Precipitation Measurement (mission) GPS Global Positioning System GPSRO Operational GPS Radio Occultation GRACE Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment GSFC Goddard Space Flight Center HAB harmful algal bloom HAZUS Hazards US HDWL Hybrid Doppler Wind Lidar HES Hyperspectral Environmental Sensor HIRDLS High-Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder HIRS high resolution infrared radiation sounder HPS hantavirus pulmonary syndrome HSB Humidity Sounder for Brazil HSRL high-spectral-resolution lidar HyspIRI Hyperspectral Infrared Imager IASI Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer. ICESat Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite ICOS Integrated Carbon Observing System ICSU International Council for Science IEOS International Earth Observing System IGACO Integrated Global Atmospheric Chemistry Observations IGOS Integrated Global Observing Strategy IIP Instrument Incubator Program InSAR Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar IORD-II Integrated Operational Requirements Document II IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPO Integrated Program Office IR infrared ISCCP International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory

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LASCO Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph LDCM Landsat Data Continuity Mission LEO low Earth orbit Lidar Light Detection and Ranging LIST Lidar Surface Topography LST land radiometric surface temperature LTER long term ecological research LVIS Laser Vegetation Imaging Sensor M3 Moon Mineralogy Mapper MAPSAR Multi Application Purpose SAR MATH Monitoring Atmosphere Turbulence and Humidity Mbps megabits per second MDI Michelson Doppler Imager MEO medium Earth orbit MetOp Meteorological Operational Satellite Program MIS microwave imager/sounder MISR multi-angle imaging spectroradiometer MLS microwave limb sounder MODIS Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer MOPITT Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere MOSAIC Measurement of Ozone by Airbus In-service Aircraft MOSS Microwave Observatory of Subcanopy and Subsurface MSS multispectral scanner MSU microwave sounding units MTSAT Multi-Function Transport Satellite NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASDA National Space Development Agency (of Japan) NCEP National Centers for Environmental Prediction NDVI Normalized Difference Vegetation Index NEON National Ecological Observatory Network NESDIS National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service NH Northern Hemisphere NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System NPP NPOESS Preparatory Project NRC National Research Council NSA National Snow Analysis NSCAT NASA scatterometer NSF National Science Foundation NWP numerical weather prediction OCEaNS Ocean Carbon, Ecosystem and Near-Shore OCO Orbiting Carbon Observatory OLOM Ocean and Land Operational Mission OMI ozone monitoring instrument OMPS ozone monitoring and profiling suite OOLM Operational Ocean and Land Mission ORION Ocean Research Interactive Observatory Networks OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy OVWM Ocean Vector Winds Mission PARAGON Progressive Aerosol Retrieval and Assimilation Global Observing Network PARASOL Polarization and Anisotropy of Reflectances for Atmospheric Sciences coupled with Observations from a Lidar PATH Precipitation and All-Weather Temperature and Humidity PBL planetary boundary layer PM particulate matter POLDER Polarization and Directionality of the Earth’s Reflectances

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R&A research and analysis R&D research and development RADARSAT radar satellite RAOB rawinsonde observation RASS radio acoustic sounding system RCTRO Radiance Calibration and Time Reference Observatory RFI request for information RMSE root mean square error RO radio occultation SAC-C Satelite de Aplicaciones Cientificas-C SAGE Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment SAR synthetic aperture radar SATCOM satellite communication SAVII Spaceborne Advanced Visible Infrared Imager ScanSAR Scanning Synthetic Aperture Radar SCIAMACHY Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography SCLP Snow and Cold Land Processes SeaWiFS Sea-viewing Wide Field of View Sensor SESWG Solid Earth Sciences Working Group SH Southern Hemisphere SH2OUT Sensing of H2O in the Upper Troposphere SI Systeme Internationale SIM Spectral Irradiance Monitor SIRCUS Spectral Irradiance and Radiance Responsivity Calibrations with Uniform Sources SIRICE Submillimeter Infrared Radiometer Ice Cloud Experiment SLR Satellite Laser Ranging SMAP Soil Moisture Active-Passive SMD Science Mission Directorate SMMR Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer SNOTEL Snowpack Telemetry SOHO Solar and Heliospheric Observatory SORCE Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment SPOT Satellite Probatoire de I’Observation de la Terre SRTM Shuttle Radar Topography Mission SSI satellite-to-satellite interferometer SSM/I special sensor microwave/imager SSO Sun-synchronous orbit SST sea-surface temperature STEREO Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory SURFRAD Surface Radiation Budget Network SWE snow water equivalent SWIR short-wave infrared SWOT Surface Water and Ocean Topography TanDEM-X TerraSAR-X add-on for Digital Elevation Measurement TAO Tropical Atmosphere Ocean TCHP tropical cyclone heat-potential field TES Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer TIM total irradiance monitor TIROS-N Television Infrared Observation Satellite-N TM thematic mapper TOA top of atmosphere TOGA Tropical Ocean-Global Atmosphere Program TOMS Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer TOPEX Ocean Topography Experiment TOPSAR Topographic Synthetic Aperture Radar T/P TOPEX/Poseidon (mission) TRMM Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission TSI total solar irradiance TSIS total solar irradiance sensor

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UAV unmanned aerial vehicle UHF ultra high frequency ULDB ultra-long duration balloon USCRN U.S. Climate Reference Network USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USGCRP U.S. Global Change Research Program USGS U.S. Geological Survey UV ultraviolet VBZ vector-borne and zoonotic VCL vegetation canopy lidar VHF very high frequency VIIRS Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer suite VLBI Very Long Baseline Interferometry VOC volatile organic chemical WatER Water Elevation Recovery Satellite Mission WCRP World Climate Research Programme WF-ABBA Wildfire Automated Biomass Burning Algorithm WMO World Meteorological Organization WOWS Water and Ocean Wind Sensor WRF-CHEM Weather Research and Forecasting Regional Chemical Transport Model WRSI Water Requirement Satisfaction Index WSOA Wide Swatch Ocean Altimeter WTC World Trade Center XBT expendable bathythermograph XOVWM Extended Ocean Vector Winds Mission