. "Part II: Mission Summaries, 4 Summaries of Recommended Missions." Earth Science and Applications from Space: National Imperatives for the Next Decade and Beyond. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2007.
Solar and Earth radiation characteristics for understanding climate forcing
High-accuracy, all-weather temperature, water vapor, and electron density profiles for weather, climate,and space weather
Sea-surface wind vectors for weather and ocean ecosystems
NOTE: Missions are listed by cost. Colors denote mission cost categories as estimated by the committee. Green and blue shading indicates medium-cost ($300 million to $600 million) and small-cost (<$300 million) missions, respectively. The missions are described in detail in Part II, and Part III provides the foundation for selection.