Appendix B
Committee Biographies

James F. O’Bryon (Chair) served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense until his retirement in 2001. During his 15 years in the Pentagon, he served under seven Secretaries of Defense as director, live fire testing, and deputy director, operational test and evaluation. Mr. O’Bryon also worked in various positions within the office of the Director of Defense Research and Engineering, Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology, overseeing and directing testing and evaluation activities for the Secretary of Defense, including examining test plan adequacy, test execution, vulnerability, lethality, and survivability of the nation’s major defense systems, and application of tactics and doctrine to these issues. He has testified before various committees of the U.S. Congress on defense and homeland security issues as well as drafting the Secretary of Defense’s reports on system survivability, vulnerability, and



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 67
Assessment of Millimeter-Wave and Terahertz Technology for Detection and Identification of Concealed Explosives and Weapons Appendix B Committee Biographies James F. O’Bryon (Chair) served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense until his retirement in 2001. During his 15 years in the Pentagon, he served under seven Secretaries of Defense as director, live fire testing, and deputy director, operational test and evaluation. Mr. O’Bryon also worked in various positions within the office of the Director of Defense Research and Engineering, Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology, overseeing and directing testing and evaluation activities for the Secretary of Defense, including examining test plan adequacy, test execution, vulnerability, lethality, and survivability of the nation’s major defense systems, and application of tactics and doctrine to these issues. He has testified before various committees of the U.S. Congress on defense and homeland security issues as well as drafting the Secretary of Defense’s reports on system survivability, vulnerability, and

OCR for page 67
Assessment of Millimeter-Wave and Terahertz Technology for Detection and Identification of Concealed Explosives and Weapons lethality. He has served on more than a dozen committees addressing such issues as directed energy, ozone-depleting compounds, and modeling and simulation. His degrees are from The King’s College, George Washington University, and the MIT. He has also served for nearly 20 years as a mathematician, ballistician, and weapon systems analyst at the Ballistic Research Laboratories and the Army’s Materiel Systems Analysis Activity. He currently works as an independent defense consultant for several government, not-for-profit, and defense industries and serves as president of The O’Bryon Group. Sandra Hyland (Vice Chair) is Etching System Group Manager, Tokyo Electron (TEL) Technology Center America, responsible for TEL’s etch process development at the Albany Nanotechnology Center at the University of Albany. She supports oxide and low-k film etch for integrated development projects for TEL and IBM, as well as for other members of the Nanotechnology Center. Formerly, she was East Coast manager for TEL Etch Systems, analyzing technology trends and customer data to determine hardware and process needs for manufacturing current and next-generation computer chips, including both capability and cost-reduction considerations. Dr. Hyland was previously an integration engineer for IBM's radiation-hardened computer chip manufacturing facility, and she managed a processing facility for the Jet Propulsion Laboratory to assess various materials for their potential as solar-cell substrates. She was also a staff officer for the National Materials Advisory Board, where she managed committees on aviation security and the design of the U.S. paper money. She has a Ph.D. in materials science from Cornell University, and M.S. and B.S. degrees in electrical engineering, from Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, respectively. Cheryl A. Bitner is vice president of programs for Pioneer UAV, Inc., responsible for program execution for the Pioneer unmanned air vehicle programs. Ms. Bitner also worked in various capacities at AAI Corporation, including as director of quality systems, program director for fire fighter trainers, electronic warfare trainers, maintenance trainers, gunnery system trainers, and on-board (embedded) trainers. She has more than 28 years of industry experience in providing products and services for the Department of Defense as well as commercial customers and has a strong background in cost- and schedule-control techniques. Her responsibilities include ensuring positive program performance, strategic planning, manpower management, and personnel development. Ms. Bitner is a certified project management professional, certified quality manager, certified software quality engineer, and is a member of the National Training and Simulation Association and the American Society for Quality. She has published a cost-and-benefit analysis of piloting and navigational team trainers and contributes to the AAI Training Systems Newsletter. Ms. Bitner completed the Advanced Program Management Course at the Defense Systems Management College in 1989 and holds an M.S. in engineering science and a B.S. in computer science from Loyola College. Donald E. Brown is chair of the Department of Systems Engineering of the University of Virginia. His research focuses on data fusion and simulation optimization with applications to intelligence, security, logistics, and transportation. He has developed decision-support systems for several U.S. intelligence agencies and was previously an

OCR for page 67
Assessment of Millimeter-Wave and Terahertz Technology for Detection and Identification of Concealed Explosives and Weapons intelligence operations officer for the U.S. Army. Dr. Brown is coeditor of Operations Research and Artificial Intelligence: The Integration of Problem Solving Strategies and Intelligent Scheduling Systems and is an associate editor for the journal International Abstracts in Operations Research. He has been president, vice president, and secretary of the Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. He is past chair of the Technical Section on Artificial Intelligence of the Institute for Operations Research and Management Science and was awarded that society’s Outstanding Service Award. John B. Daly (deceased) retired from the Department of Transportation (DOT) in the summer of 2004. He worked in the Office of Intelligence and Security, part of the immediate staff of the Secretary of Transportation, from its inception in 1990 in the aftermath of the terrorist bomb that led to the crash of Pan Am Flight 103, and he served as the associate director for security policy from 1994 until his retirement. From the beginning of his work in the Office of Intelligence and Security, security research and development was a major focus of his work, particularly explosives and weapons detection. He was the founding chair of the Gordon Research Conference on Illicit Substance Detection. This conference meets annually to review and stimulate research at the frontiers of science and national policy on the detection of explosives, narcotics, and chemical/biological agents. He was the founding chair of the Transportation Security Experts Group in APEC’s Transportation Working Group (TPT-WG). This group was established in 2000 at the eighteenth meeting of the TPT-WG in Miyazaki, Japan, to address security in all modes of transportation—land, sea, and air. The press of events, however, has focused its work thus far primarily on aviation security. From 1975 to 1990, he worked for the U.S. Coast Guard in strategic planning for the enforcement of laws and treaties, dealing primarily with the interdiction of drugs and illegal aliens, rising to be Chief of the Plans and Policies Branch in the Office of the Chief of Staff. He was a graduate of Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service (B.S.F.S.), the University of Southern California’s School of Public Administration (M.P.A.), and the U.S. Naval War College (Graduate Diploma in Naval Warfare). Colin G. Drury is a professor of industrial engineering at the State University of New York, Buffalo, and executive director of The Center for Industrial Effectiveness, where he has worked extensively in the integration of ergonomics/human factors into company operations, resulting in increased competitiveness and job growth for regional industry and two National Association of Management and Technical Assistance Centers’ Project of the Year awards. Since 1990, he has headed a team applying human factors to the inspection and maintenance of civil aircraft, with the goal being error reduction. Dr. Drury performed a study for the Air Transport Association evaluating the Federal Aviation Administration’s modular bomb set and the use of this bomb set in training and testing security screeners. Dr. Drury is a fellow of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, the Institute of Industrial Engineers, and the Ergonomics Society. In 1981, he received the Bartlett Medal from the Ergonomics Society, and in 1992 the Paul Fitts Award from the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. He has a Ph.D. in production engineering from Birmingham University, specializing in work design and ergonomics.

OCR for page 67
Assessment of Millimeter-Wave and Terahertz Technology for Detection and Identification of Concealed Explosives and Weapons Dr. Drury served on the National Research Council (NRC) Panel on Assessment of Technologies Deployed to Improve Aviation Security. Patrick Griffin is a senior member of the technical staff at Sandia National Laboratories and was chair of the NRC Panel on Assessment of Practicality of Pulsed Fast Neutron Analysis for Aviation Security. At Sandia National Laboratories, he performs research in the areas of radiation modeling and simulation, neutron effects testing, radiation dosimetry, and radiation damage to materials. He is active in the standardization community and is the current chair of the American Society of Testing and Materials Subcommittee E10.05 on Nuclear Radiation Metrology. Harry E. Martz, Jr., is the nondestructive evaluation research and development thrust area leader for the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Dr. Martz has extensive background in the use of computed tomography and x-ray radiography (technologies commonly used in explosives detection) to perform nondestructive evaluation. His current projects include the use of nonintrusive x- and gamma-ray computed tomography techniques as three-dimensional imaging tools to understand material properties and to assay radioactive waste forms. Dr. Martz has served on several NRC committees and panels dealing with the general topic of aviation security, including chairing the Committee on Technical Regulation of Explosives Detection Systems. Richard McGee is a retired electronics engineer with 35 years at the Ballistic/Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground. He is currently working part time as a senior scientist contractor at Army Research Laboratory. Mr. McGee is an experienced researcher with extensive expertise in millimeter wave, infrared, radiometry, radar, smart munitions, and sensor-based systems engineering and integration. He possesses solid understanding of the procedures and tasks required to transfer technology from the research laboratory to the field, and conducted field experiments to characterize near-Earth propagation of millimeter waves (10 mm to 1 mm wavelength) in turbid and tactically hostile environments. Mr. McGee designed, fabricated, and field-tested smart munitions sensors as well as instrumentation to measure millimeter radiometric and radar signatures of red and blue combat vehicles and various terrains. Other projects in which he has been involved are microwave and millimeter-wave holography, multispectral fusion target recognition algorithm development, and synthetic aperture radar and inverse synthetic-aperture radar high-resolution instrumentation radars. Richard L. Rowe is retired chief executive officer of MCMS (a $550 million electronics contract manufacturing company). His experience includes sensor technologies applied to aviation security. His expertise includes new technologies in optics and radio frequency, electronic sensors, and switch products. He has more than 20 years of experience in the electronic sensors and switch products industry. Prior to his work in the electronics industry, he was with the U.S. Army for 6 years. He has a master’s degree in engineering administration from the George Washington University and a bachelor’s degree in engineering and applied sciences from the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, New York. He has served on the board of various electronics industries and was awarded the Honeywell Lund Award (a major leadership award) in 1987.

OCR for page 67
Assessment of Millimeter-Wave and Terahertz Technology for Detection and Identification of Concealed Explosives and Weapons H. Bruce Wallace is president of MMW Concepts LLC, a firm he established to provide consultative expertise in He retired as a Department of the Army civilian employee where he was most recently acting as deputy and director of the Weapons and Materials Research Directorate of the Army Research Laboratory. Previous to that he spent 7 years as chief of the RF and Electronics Division, where he was responsible for the Army’s basic and applied research in RF technologies. His primary area of research involved investigating the application of millimeter-wave techniques to weapon systems. This included studies in electronic components, atmospheric and near-Earth propagation, active and passive system designs, and high-resolution polarimetric imaging. Key outcomes from his work was the development of Sense and Destroy Armor millimeter-wave sensor system, the Army’s High Resolution Radar Imaging facility, which provides state-of-the-art imaging of ground platforms, and the Multifunction Radio Frequency System, which has become a key electronic component in the Army’s Future Combat Systems. He is author of more than 60 government and open-literature publications. Mr. Wallace has served on multiple Department of Defense and North Atlantic Treaty Organization panels as chair or Army lead and as lead investigator on several trade studies of Department of Defense radar systems and capabilities. He was a member of two NASA review panels providing technical and managerial review of basic research program and a member of the Independent Review Team examining the performance of the Phoenix Mars landing radar. He is a fellow of the IEEE Geosciences and Remote Sensing Society.

OCR for page 67
Assessment of Millimeter-Wave and Terahertz Technology for Detection and Identification of Concealed Explosives and Weapons This page intentionally left blank.