The following HTML text is provided to enhance online
readability. Many aspects of typography translate only awkwardly to HTML.
Please use the page image
as the authoritative form to ensure accuracy.
Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2006 Symposium
sensing and electronic readout. We believe that an integrated package of sensing and readout will emerge.
Biology may also enable us to fabricate materials, structures, and devices from the bottom up. Many believe that we will have to turn to biology for commercially viable nanomanufacturing. Catalysis and self-assembly have been mastered by biological systems like enzymes and viruses, respectively. These lessons are being applied to traditional solid-state electronics, and engineers are beginning to realize the possibilities.
To continue advancements in biomimetics, we must include these principles in undergraduate and graduate training programs. Many other countries are also awakening to this realization. Thus, the future technical base of our country will depend on how well the science and engineering departments in our universities encourage this interdisciplinary training.
Brott, L.L, S.M. Rozenzhak, R.R. Naik, S.R. Davidson, R.E. Perrin, and M.O. Stone. 2004. A poly(vinyl alcohol)/carbon-black composite film: a platform for biological macromolecule incorporation. Advanced Materials 16: 592–596.
Clark, J.E, J.G. Cham, S.A. Bailey, E.M. Froehlich, P.K. Nahata, R.J. Full, and M.R. Cutkosky. 2001. Biomimetic Design and Fabrication of a Hexapedal Running Robot. Pp. 3643–3649 in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Vol. 4. Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE.
Dickenson, M.H., C.T. Farley, R.J. Full, M.A.R. Koehl, R. Kram, and S. Lehman. 2000. How animals move: an integrative view. Science 288: 100–106.
Full, R.J., and M.S. Tu. 1991. Mechanics of a rapid running insect: two-, four-, and six-legged locomotion. Journal of Experimental Biology 156: 215–231.
Hagen, J.A., W. Li, A.J. Steckl, and J.G. Grote. 2006. Enhanced emission efficiency in organic light-emitting diodes using deoxyribonucleic acid complex as an electron blocking layer. Applied Physics Letters 88: 171109–171111.
Kramer, R.M., L.A. Sowards, M.J. Pender, M.O. Stone, and R.R. Naik. 2005. Constrained iron catalysts for single-walled carbon nanotube growth. Langmuir 21: 8466–8470.
Kröger, N., R. Deutzmann, and M. Sumper. 1999. Polycationic peptides from diatom biosilica that direct silica nanosphere formation. Science 286: 1129–1132.
Luckarift, H.R., J.C. Spain, R.R. Naik, and M.O. Stone. 2004. Enzyme immobilization in a biomimetic silica support. Nature Biotechnology 22: 211–213.
Naik, R.R., L.L. Brott, S.J. Clarson, and M.O. Stone. 2002. Silica-precipitating peptides isolated from a combinatorial phage display peptide library. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 2: 1–6.
Slocik, J.M., and R.R. Naik. 2006. Biologically programmed synthesis of bimetallic nanostructures. Advanced Materials 18: 1988–1992.
Slocik, J.M., M.O. Stone, and R.R. Naik. 2005. Synthesis of gold nanoparticles using multifunctional peptides. Small 1(11): 1048–1052.
Wang, L., J. Yoshida, and N. Ogata. 2001. Self-assembled supramolecular films derived from marine deoxyribo-nucleic acid (DNA)-cationic surfactant complexes: large-scale preparation and optical and thermal properties. Chemistry of Materials 13: 1273–1281.