and Aeronautical and Astronautics departments, she has held a wide variety of research and administrative posts. She has led PAF research on aircraft survivability, conventional standoff weapons, tactical aircraft, electronic combat, and integrated avionics for the advanced tactical fighter. As director of PAF’s Theater Force Employment Program, Mrs. Crawford formed a team of analysts to compile and edit Desert Storm air campaign data, leading to the first usable databases for analysis of that campaign. While associate director of PAF (1995-1997), she was in charge of a comprehensive, multidisciplinary analysis of the roles and capabilities of the Air Force in the 21st century. Then, as director of PAF, Mrs. Crawford oversaw all research conducted at RAND for the U.S. Air Force. In FY00, at the request of the Air Force chief of staff, she led a major review of requirements, acquisition, operations, and sustainment of Air Force electronic warfare programs and systems, culminating in a four-star summit chaired by the chief of staff. She has been a member of the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board since 1988, serving as its vice chairman in 1990 and 1991 and co-chairman from 1996 to 1999. To develop insight and understanding in her research, she has flown missions in several Air Force aircraft. In 2003, she was awarded the Vance R. Wanner Memorial Award from the Military Operations Research Society. She received a B.A. in mathematics from the University of California at Los Angeles, where she also pursued graduate studies in engineering. Mrs. Crawford was also vice chair of the NRC’s Committee on Analysis of Air Force Engine Efficiency Improvement Options for Large Non-fighter Aircraft.


Mark I. Goldhammer is the chief engineer for the Product Development Airplane Performance organization at Boeing Commercial Airplanes. In this position, he has functional oversight of the airplane performance disciplines assigned to the 787 and product development, including responsibilities for the 747-8, derivative and new airplane product development, advanced concepts, and competitive analysis. Mr. Goldhammer joined Boeing Commercial Airplanes in early 1977 and has worked on a variety of product development studies in high-lift aerodynamic design methods, transonic wing design, wind tunnel testing, and other aerodynamic design issues. He held positions as engineer, lead engineer, and manager of aerodynamics engineering on the 777 and was responsible for the aerodynamic configuration design from preliminary design through flight testing and certification. Mr. Goldhammer has also held managerial responsibilities for the aerodynamic configuration development of a rewinged/stretched



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