Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., to develop and administer this survey in 2005. The Kauffman Firm Survey is a longitudinal survey of the principals of 5,000 firms, sampled from D&B, that started operations in 2004. The survey is oriented primarily to generate data on the financial development of new businesses in their first four years of existence. Surveys will be conducted by either telephone or on the Internet, and owners of these businesses will be asked about the characteristics of the business, about the financing of business operations, and about characteristics of the owner(s). Three follow-up interviews are planned with these businesses in 2006-2008 (http://www.mathematica-mpr.com/surveys/kauffmanfirm.asp). Data from this survey are not currently available, but they will ultimately provide publicly available longitudinal data on new firms (http://www.kauffman.org/research.cfm).

A.4
EMPLOYMENT STATISTICS

Two monthly surveys underpin measurement of employment levels and trends, over time—the Current Population Survey (CPS), a household survey, and the CES survey, a payroll or establishment survey. Employment estimates from each are published monthly. In addition to these two surveys, the BLS houses the Job Openings and Labor Turnover (JOLTS) program, which produces monthly data on job openings, new hires, and voluntary and involuntary separations.

The CPS, conducted by the Census Bureau and BLS, has been in existence for more than 50 years. It is based on a survey of approximately 60,000 households designed to estimate total employment of persons age 16 and over in the civilian noninstitutional population. The CPS captures employment broadly, including unincorporated self-employed, unpaid family workers, and agricultural workers; it also collects demographic and supplemental information.

The CES is a monthly survey of 160,000 businesses and government agencies covering approximately 400,000 establishments. It is a simple random sample stratified by state, industry, and size, which produces estimates of the number of nonfarm payroll jobs, hours, and earnings estimates based on payroll records of business establishments. CES counts jobs, meaning that multiple jobholders are overrepresented (from an employment perspective) and the self-employed are excluded—which points to the importance of household data for the production of comprehensive employment statistics. QCEW micro files serve as the sampling frame for the CES; the quarterly LBD is used to identify new business births and deaths.



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