QRA is a logical first step to facilitate the prioritization of science and technology needs. C3, planning, modeling, simulation, and training are needed for first responders as well as for the major players in each of the infrastructures. Sensors and intelligent agents are more important for transportation, fixed infrastructure (buildings), and first responders, but their applicability is fundamental to improving security. Finally, surveillance and materials are needed quite broadly.
There are several recommendations for collaboration that are worthy of further discussion between India and the United States. First, QRA is valuable in helping to set science and technology priorities. Second, given the scientific talent that exists in both countries, bilateral efforts would also be worthwhile on the topic of biometric identification technologies. Studies on the use of FACTS-based technology for power grids would also be worthwhile. Finally, a review of blast- and fire-resistant materials and the design of safer buildings (egress in emergencies, ventilation systems, and so forth) are excellent topics for discussion.