How could science and technology have helped to save me? I do not know. If there had been some way to detect that these men were not regular policemen, perhaps the crisis could have been avoided, but I cannot imagine how that could have been done.

The assassination attempt in Bucharest was different. Rajiv Gandhi told me that it was a safe place for me to be because Nicolae Ceausescu was ruling Romania and he did not allow dissent or terrorism. Thus, I went to Bucharest. Very soon after that, Ceausescu and his wife were both killed. While I was going for a walk, again with my wife, they jumped out of a car and started firing, and I knew that they had come for me again. I was 62 years old, and my attackers were 26 years old. I ran faster than they did and that is why I survived.

Again, in this instance, I do not think science and technology could have helped me. I do not know if it could have helped the Romanians in preventing my attackers. The attackers probably paid a bribe to enter the country—it was not easy to enter Romania, and yet they did.

My story about Punjab builds upon my stories about the attacks that I experienced. Punjab is one of the more prosperous states in India. I think Punjab deserves to be so because its people are very hard working. They want to improve their quality of life. If they have a bicycle, they want a motorcycle. If they have a motorcycle, they want a jeep. If they have a jeep, they want a car. However, prosperity spawns other problems. Not everybody in Punjab is prosperous. In addition, there were political reasons for terrorism beginning in that state. There were others who joined terrorist groups because they were criminals. The terrorists attacked certain police outposts. The policemen in the rural areas of India are not very alert, because they do not expect anyone to challenge them. Nonetheless, they were attacked and their weapons were stolen. Police weapons were used by terrorists to kill innocent people.

There was a think tank in Lahore, Pakistan, across the border from India. This think tank comprised leaders of the Sikh terrorist movement. They decided that the best way to send their message to the Indian government was to attack the Hindu community in Punjab so that the Hindus would leave the state, and that would ensure their victory. They demanded a separate state even though 99 percent of the Sikhs did not want this. Nevertheless, 1 percent, or less than 1 percent, decided that a separate state was their goal and the only way to achieve that was through terrorism. They could not achieve it by regular warfare because they did not have the wherewithal. Having decided that they would frighten the Hindus, the Sikh terrorists attacked them in the villages where they lived. (Very few Hindus lived in villages.) In many places they were shot for no other reason than their religious affiliation. As a result, the Hindus left; they moved to Delhi and other places. Some of them came to the bigger towns of Punjab, Jalandhar, and Ludhiana.

What happened to the people? The Hindu community began to demand more security. As their demands increased, the Indian government started sending increasing numbers of paramilitary forces. In response, the Sikh terrorists struck at easier targets and at targets that people did not expect them to hit, including buses, trains, marketplaces, and places where Hindus congregated for religious purposes, called jaagarans, at night. The terrorists pulled people off of buses and separated the women, whom they did not



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