this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for quality and objectivity. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this report: Robert Archibald, College of William and Mary; Robert Genco, State University of New York at Buffalo; Jere Glover, Small Business Technology Coalition; and Richard Hendel, The Boeing Company.

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the report, nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Robert White, Carnegie Mellon University, appointed by the National Academies, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests entirely with the authors and the institution.


Following this preface, the report’s introduction describes the challenges of early stage finance in the United States and the SBIR program as well as the particular challenges of procurement for DoD and NASA. It also summarizes the key issues from the conference. The final Proceedings section of this volume provides a detailed compilation of the presentations and discussion remarks of the various speakers at the conference.

Jacques S. Gansler

Charles W. Wessner

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