Appendix D
Virtual World Congress

FIGURE D-1 Virtual world congress organizers by area of chemistry and U.S. residency.



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The Future of U.S. Chemistry Research: Benchmarks and Challenges Appendix D Virtual World Congress FIGURE D-1 Virtual world congress organizers by area of chemistry and U.S. residency.

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The Future of U.S. Chemistry Research: Benchmarks and Challenges TABLE D-1 Detailed Results for Chemistry Virtual Congress Area Subarea Organizers No. of Organizers U.S. Non-U.S. % U.S. Analytical Molecular and surface imaging 6 3 3 50   Microfluidics and Miniaturization 6 3 3 50   Sensors and detectors 5 4 1 80   Proteomics 6 1 5 17   Single-cell analysis 5 4 1 80 Atmospheric Chemistry   6 2 4 33 Biological Biocatalysis 9 5 4 56   Chemical/structural biology 8 7 1 88   Signaling pathways 5 4 1 80   Nucleic acids and functional genomics 6 6 0 100   In vivo imaging 12 10 2 83 Chemical Education   8 4 4 50 Inorganic Chemistry of main group elements 10 6 4 60   Homogeneous catalysis/ organometallic chemistry 7 2 5 29   Bioinorganic/Metal coordination chemistry 10 8 2 80   Solidstate chemistry 8 5 3 63 Macromolecular Synthetic macromolecular chemistry 8 7 1 88   Physical characterization and solid state structure 6 6 0 100   Supramolecular structures 9 4 5 44   Processing and rheology 4 3 1 75 Materials/Nanoscience Nanomaterials: energy and Applications 7 6 1 86   Biomaterials/bioinspired materials synthesis 10 6 4 60   Tissue engineering/biocompatibility 9 7 2 78   Self-assembly science 7 4 3 57   Bionano 5 4 1 80   Synthesis and structure/nanocrystal and cluster science 11 6 5 55 Nuclear/radio chemistry   6 6 0 100

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The Future of U.S. Chemistry Research: Benchmarks and Challenges Speakers Speakers by U.S. Organizer Speakers by Non-U.S. Organizer No. of Speakers U.S. Non-U.S. % U.S. No. of Speakers U.S. Non-U.S. % U.S. No. of Speakers U.S. Non-U.S. % U.S. 78 49 29 63 41 31 10 76 37 18 19 49 105 66 39 63 50 36 14 72 55 30 25 55 88 61 27 69 78 57 21 73 10 4 6 40 97 46 51 47 20 10 10 50 77 36 41 47 83 64 19 77 72 55 17 76 11 9 2 82 86 52 34 60 32 24 8 75 54 28 26 52 150 73 77 49 56 38 18 68 94 35 59 37 166 124 42 75 146 117 29 80 20 7 13 35 105 72 33 69 85 64 21 75 20 8 12 40 99 82 17 83 99 82 17 83 0 0 0 0 212 133 79 63 174 115 59 66 38 18 20 47 148 72 76 49 72 42 30 58 76 30 46 39 142 54 88 38 77 35 42 45 65 19 46 29 136 66 70 49 43 30 13 70 93 36 57 39 158 116 42 73 130 96 34 74 28 20 8 71 164 94 70 57 111 61 50 55 53 33 20 62 148 94 54 64 128 89 39 70 20 5 15 25 122 83 39 68 122 83 39 68 0 0 0 0 167 65 102 39 80 38 42 48 87 27 60 31 54 27 27 50 41 22 19 54 13 8 5 62 133 99 34 74 113 89 24 79 20 10 10 50 152 95 57 63 81 55 26 68 71 40 31 56 134 109 25 81 100 83 17 83 34 26 8 76 122 77 45 63 62 48 14 77 60 29 31 48 94 73 21 78 74 56 18 76 20 17 3 85 192 125 67 65 94 71 23 76 98 54 44 55 83 43 40 52 83 43 40 52 0 0 0 0

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The Future of U.S. Chemistry Research: Benchmarks and Challenges Area Subarea Organizers No. of Organizers U.S. Non-U.S. % U.S. Organic Synthetic organic chemistry 8 3 5 38   Natural products chemistry 9 7 2 78   Physical organic chemistry 8 4 4 50   Organocatalysis 7 2 5 29   Medicinal chemistry and drug discovery 9 5 4 56 Physical Reaction dynamics 25 12 13 48   Frontiers in high-resolution spectroscopy 19 10 9 53   Frontier in ultrafast spectroscopy 12 9 3 75   Frontiers in biophysical chemistry 10 7 3 70   Frontiers in heterogeneous catalysis (fundamental and applied) 18 10 8 56   Single-molecule imaging and electronics 6 5 1 83   Surfaces and interfaces 19 12 7 63 Theoretical/Computational Electronic structure calculations/basic theory 6 2 4 33   Molecular dynamics simulations 9 4 5 44   Computer-aided chemical discovery 5 3 2 60

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The Future of U.S. Chemistry Research: Benchmarks and Challenges Speakers Speakers by U.S. Organizer Speakers by Non-U.S. Organizer No. of Speakers U.S. Non-U.S. % U.S. No. of Speakers U.S. Non-U.S. % U.S. No. of Speakers U.S. Non-U.S. % U.S. 155 91 64 59 54 36 18 67 101 55 46 54 180 106 74 59 143 88 55 62 37 18 19 49 139 83 56 60 79 58 21 73 60 25 35 42 112 57 55 51 34 19 15 56 78 38 40 49 149 103 46 69 85 69 16 81 64 34 30 53 464 263 201 57 235 151 84 64 229 112 117 49 355 201 154 57 210 130 80 62 145 71 74 49 203 115 88 57 161 100 61 62 42 15 27 36 174 119 55 68 124 96 28 77 50 23 27 46 301 130 171 43 172 99 73 58 117 28 89 24 118 78 40 66 98 64 34 65 20 14 6 70 350 209 141 60 221 146 75 66 129 63 66 49 120 56 64 47 47 22 25 47 73 34 39 47 187 98 89 52 87 46 41 53 100 52 48 52 87 46 41 53 55 34 21 62 32 12 20 38

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The Future of U.S. Chemistry Research: Benchmarks and Challenges TABLE D-2 List of Experts Who Organized the Virtual World Congress by Nominating Its Keynote Speakers Name Affiliation Abbatt, Jonathan University of Toronto, Canada Abe, Manabu Osaka University, Japan Abou-Gharbia, Magid Wyeth Pharmaceuticals Addadi, Lia Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel Alario-Franco, Miguel Complutense University of Madrid, Spain Alivisatos, Paul University of California, Berkeley Allen, Heather C. Ohio State University Antonietti, Markus Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Germany Aono, Masakazu RIKEN, Japan Apweiler, Rolf European Bioinformatics Institute, United Kingdom Armstrong, Neal University of Arizona Arnold, Frances California Institute of Technology Atkins, Peter University of Oxford, United Kingdom Attfield, Paul University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom Baba, Yoshinobu Nagoya University, Japan Backvall, Jan-E. Stockholm University, Sweden Baer, Eric Case Western Reserve University Balzani, Vincenzo University of Bologna, Italy Barbara, Paul University of Texas Barrett, David University of Nottingham, United Kingdom Bartlett, Rodney J. University of Florida Barton, Jacqueline K. California Institute of Technology Bell, Alexis University of California, Berkeley Bergman, Robert University of California, Berkeley Bernasek, Steven L. Princeton University Bernath, Peter University of Waterloo, Canada Berry, R. Stephen University of Chicago Bertozzi, Carolyn University of California, Berkeley Binder, Kurt Johannes Gutenberg University, German Birk, James Arizona State University Bochmann, Manfred University of East Anglia, United Kingdom Bodner, George Purdue University Boxer, Steven G. Stanford University Braga, Dario University of Bologna, Italy Breslow, Ronald Columbia University Brinker, Jeffrey Sandia National Laboratory Brunelle, Daniel J. GE Global Research Campbell, Charles University of Washington Campbell, Simon Pfizer (retired) Cantor, Charles Boston University Car, Roberto Princeton University Carpenter, Barry Cornell University Caruso, Frank University of Melbourne, Australia Casavecchia, Piero University of Perugia, Italy Cava, Robert Princeton University Cech, Thomas University of Colorado, Boulder

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The Future of U.S. Chemistry Research: Benchmarks and Challenges Name Affiliation Chandler , David Sandia National Laboratory Chang, Bor-Chen National Central University, Taiwan Cheng, Stephen Z. University of Akron Chiang, Shirley University of California, Davis Chorkendorff, Ib Danish National Research Foundation, Denmark Christe, Karl University of Southern California Clardy, Jon Harvard University Clark, David Los Alamos National Laboratory Clary, David University of Oxford, United Kingdom Coates, Geoffrey Cornell University Colby, Ralph Pennsylvania State University Continetti, Bob University of California, San Diego Cooks, Graham Purdue University Cordell, Geoffrey University of Illinois, Chicago Corn, Robert University of California, Irvine Cossy, Janine École Supérieure de Physique et de Chimie Industrielles de la Ville de Paris, France Crim, F. Fleming University of Wisconsin, Madison Crowley, John Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Germany Dai, Hai-Lung University of Pennsylvania Danishefsky, Samuel Columbia University Dantus, Marcos Michigan State University Davis, Benjamin University of Oxford, United Kingdom Davis, Mark California Institute of Technology de Jong, Onno Utrecht University, Netherlands de Meijere, Armin University of Goettingen, Germany Decher, Gero Université Louis Pasteur, France Decicco, Carl Bristol-Myers Squibb DeSimone, Joseph M. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Dickson, Robert Georgia Institute of Technology Diederich, Francois ETH Zurich, Switzerland Dill, Kenneth University of California, San Francisco Ding, Yu-Shin Yale University DiSalvo, Frank Cornell University Dixneuf, Pierre University of Rennes, France Dougherty, Dennis California Institute of Technology Dovichi, Norm University of Washington Driess, Matthias Technical University of Berlin, Germany Duncan, Michael University of Georgia Ebata, Takayuki Hiroshima University, Japan El-Sayed, Mostafa Georgia Institute of Technology Enders, Dieter Aachen University, Germany Erker, Gerhard University of Muenster, Germany Evans, David A. Harvard University Ewing, Andrew Pennsylvania State University Faber, Kurt University of Graz, Austria Fahmy, A.F.M Ain Shams University, Egypt

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The Future of U.S. Chemistry Research: Benchmarks and Challenges Name Affiliation Fayer, Michael Stanford University Field, Robert Massachusetts Institute of Technology Fischer, Edmond University of Washington Flaud, Jean-Marie Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France Fleming, Graham University of California, Berkeley Flitsch, Sabine University of Manchester, United Kingdom Francis , A.J. Brookhaven National Laboratory Frenkel, Daan University of Amsterdam, Netherlands Freund, Hans-Joachim Fritz Haber Institute, Germany Galli, Giulia Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Gates, Bruce University of California, Davis Gerber, Gustav University of Wurzburg, Germany Gibson, Harry Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Gorte, Ray University of Pennsylvania Gray, Harry B. California Institute of Technology Griesinger, Christian Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Germany Griffin, Robert G. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Grunze, Michael University of Heidelberg, Germany Hacksell, Uli ACADIA Pharmaceuticals Hahn, Richard Brookhaven National Laboratory Halberstadt, Nadine Universite Paul Sabatier Toulouse III, France Hamers, Bob University of Wisconsin, Madison Harada, Akira Osaka University, Japan Harrison, Jed University of Alberta, Canada Hartwig, John University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign Hauer, Bernard BASF, Germany Haueter, Max ETH Institute of Molecular Systems Biology, Switzerland Hawker, Craig University of California, Santa Barbara Hayashi, Tamio University of Kyoto, Japan Healy, Kevin University of California, Berkeley Heard, Dwayne University of Leeds, United Kingdom Hemminger, John University of California, Irvine Heeren, Ronald Institute for Atomic and Molecular Physics, Netherlands Herrmann, Hartmut Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, Germany Hines, Melissa Cornell University Hochstrasser, Robin University of Pennsylvania Hoffmann, Peter University of Heidelberg, Germany Horwich, Arthur Yale University Houk, Kendall N. University of California, Los Angeles Houston, Paul Cornell University Hovis, Jennifer Purdue University Hsieh, Linda California Institute of Technology Hubbell, Jeffrey ETH, Zurich, Switzerland Hutchings, Graham Cardiff University, United Kingdom Hutchinson, Richard Kosan Biosciences Iglesia, Enrique University of California, Berkeley Ireland, Chris University of Utah

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The Future of U.S. Chemistry Research: Benchmarks and Challenges Name Affiliation Ismasgilov, Rustem University of Chicago Iwasawa, Yasuhiro University of Tokyo, Japan Jaeger, Wolfgang University of Alberta, Canada Janda, Kenneth C. University of California, Irvine Jonas, David University of Colorado, Boulder Jorgensen, Karl A. University of Aarhus, Denmark Jorgensen, William L. Yale University Jortner, Joshua Tel Aviv University, Egypt Joyce, Gerald Scripps Research Institute Jurisson, Silvia University of Missouri, Columbia Kanatzidis, Mercouri Michigan State University Karlin, Kenneth D. Johns Hopkins University Kay, Bruce Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Kennedy, Robert T. University of Michigan Kiessling, Laura University of Wisconsin, Madison Kiick, Kristi University of Delaware Kilbourn, M. University of Michigan Kira, Mitsuo Tohoku University, Japan Klein, Michael L. University of Pennsylvania Klibanov, Alexander Massachusetts Institute of Technology Knowles, Jeremy Harvard University Kolb, Dieter University of Ulm, Germany Korgel, Brian University of Texas Krauss, Todd D. University of Rochester Krausz, Ferenc Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics Kremer, Kurt Max Planck Institute for Chemistry Krogsgaard-Larsen, Povl Carlsberg Foundation, Denmark Kung, Hank University of Pennsylvania Kung, Harold Northwestern University Lagowski, Joseph J. University of Texas Langer, Robert Massachusetts Institute of Technology Langstrom, Bengt Uppsala University, Sweden Larson, Ron University of Michigan Lee, Ka Yee University of Chicago Lehmann, Kevin University of Virginia Leigh, David University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom Lester, William University of California, Berkeley Levy, Donald H. University of Chicago Ley, Steven University of Cambridge, United Kingdom Li, Can Chinese Academy of Sciences, China Lippard, Steven Massachusetts Institute of Technology List, Benjamin Max Planck Institute for Bioinorganic Chemistry Liu, Kopin Academia Sinica, China Lunsford, Jack Texas A&M University Lyon, L. Andrew Georgia Institute of Technology MacMillan, David California Institute of Technology MacPherson, Julie V. University of Warwick, United Kingdom

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The Future of U.S. Chemistry Research: Benchmarks and Challenges Name Affiliation Maier, John Paul University of Basel, Switzerland Mallouk, Thomas E. Pennsylvania State University Mann, Matthias Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Germany Mann, Stephen University of Bristol, United Kingdom Manthe, Uwe University of Bielefeld, Germany Manz, Andreas Institute for Analytical Sciences, Germany Martel, Richard University of Montreal, Canada Martin, Jean-Louis Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France Martinez, Jean University of Montpellier, France Maruoka, Keiji University of Kyoto, Japan Mathey, Francois University of California, Riverside Matsui, Hiroshi City University of New York Matsushima, Tatsuo Hokkaido University, Japan Mavrikakis, Manos University of Wisconsin, Madison Mays, Jimmy W. University of Tennessee McLeish, Tom University of Leeds, United Kingdom Meares, Claude University of California, Davis Meijer, E. W. (Bert) Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands Merer, Anthony University of British Columbia, Canada Merkt, Frederic ETH Zürich, Switzerland Meyerhoff, Mark University of Michigan Michl, Josef University of Colorado, Boulder Miller, Terry Ohio State University Mirkin, Chad Northwestern University Mitscher, Lester University of Kansas Moody , Kenneth Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Mooney, David Harvard University Moore, Peter Yale University Moore, Robert University of Southern Mississippi Morokuma, Keiji Emory University Morse, Daniel University of California, Santa Barbara Muller-Dethlefs, Klaus University of Manchester, United Kingdom Mulvaney, Paul University of Melbourne, Australia Murray, Royce University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Nakanishi, Koji Columbia University Nathanson, Gilbert M. University of Wisconsin, Madison Nelson, Keith Massachusetts Institute of Technology Nicolaou, K.C. Scripps Research Institute Niessner, Reinhard Technical University of Munich, Germany Norris, David University of Minnesota, Twin Cities Norskov, Jens K. Technical University of Denmark Novotny, Lukas University of Rochester Nozik, Arthur National Renewable Energy Laboratory Nuzzo, Ralph University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign Nyman, Gunnar Goteborg University, Sweden Ober, Christopher K. Cornell University Oka, Takeshi University of Chicago Okumura, Mitchio California Institute of Technology

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The Future of U.S. Chemistry Research: Benchmarks and Challenges Name Affiliation Orr-Ewing, Andrew Bristol University, United Kingdom Ozin, Geoffrey University of Toronto, Canada Pak, Young-Ki Yonsei University, Korea Panagiotopoulos, Athanassios Z. Princeton University Parker, David H. Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands Pecec, Virgil University of Pennsylvania Petek, Hrvoje University of Pittsburgh Petsko, Gregory Brandeis University Piers, Warren University of Calgary, Canada Pileni, Marie-Paule University of Pierre and Marie Curie, France Pochan, Darrin University of Delaware Poulter, Dale University of Utah Prins, Roel ETH Zürich, Switzerland Prisner, Thomas University of Frankfurt, Germany Pyykko, Pekka University of Helsinki, Finland Rabani, Eran Tel Aviv University, Egypt Radom, Leo University of Sydney, Australia Ramsey, Michael University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Ratnasamy, Paul National Chemical Laboratory, India Ratner, Buddy D. University of Washington Ravishankara, A.R. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Aeronomy Laboratory Raymond, Kenneth N. University of California, Berkeley Reedijk, Jan Leiden University, Netherlands Rees, Douglas C. California Institute of Technology Reetz, Manfred Max Planck Institute for Bioinorganic Chemistry, Germany Reineke, Theresa University of Cincinnati Rich, Daniel H. University of Wisconsin, Madison Richards, Graham University of Oxford, United Kingdom Robb, Michael Imperial College London, United Kingdom Robinson, William Purdue University Roethlisberger, Ursula Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne Roncero, Octavio CSIC, Spain Roos, Bjorn Lund University, Sweden Rowan, Stuart J. Case Western Reserve University Runde , Wolfgang Los Alamos National Laboratory Ruth, Thomas J. University of British Columbia, Canada Sander, Wolfram Ruhr University Bochum, Germany Saykally, Richard University of California, Berkeley Scheffler, Matthias Fritz Haber Institute, Germany Schimmel, Paul Scripps Research Institute Schriner, Peter Justus Liebig-Universität Gießen, Germany Schulten, Klaus University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign Schultz, Peter Scripps Research Institute Scoles, Giacinto Princeton University Seeman, Nadrian C. New York University

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The Future of U.S. Chemistry Research: Benchmarks and Challenges Name Affiliation Sekiguchi, Akira University of Tsukuba, Japan Shore, Sheldon Ohio State University Sibener, Steven J. University of Chicago Simpson, Richard Australia Singleton, Daniel Texas A&M University Sneddon, Larry G. University of Pennsylvania Snieckus, Victor Queens University, Canada Soep, Benoit CEA, Saclay, France Solomon, Edward Stanford University Sprik, Michiel University of Cambridge, United Kingdom Springer, Charles Oregon Health and Science University Stair, Peter Northwestern University Stang, Peter University of Utah Stolto, Steve Vrije University, Netherlands Stone, Morley Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Stroscio, Joseph National Institute of Standards and Technology Stucky, Galen University of California, Santa Barbara Stupp, Samuel I. Northwestern University Suzuki, Toshinori RIKEN, Japan Sweedler, Jonathan University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign Takada, Shoji Kobe University, Japan Taylor, Susan University of California, San Diego Thiel, Patricia A. Iowa State University Tijan, Robert University of California, Berkeley Tilley, T. Don University of California, Berkeley Tirrell, David California Institute of Technology Tokmakoff, Andrei Massachusetts Institute of Technology Tolman, William University of Minnesota, Twin Cities Topsoe, Henrik Haldor Topsoe, Denmark Trost, Barry M. Stanford University Tuross, Noreen Harvard University Utz, Arthur L. Tufts University Vaccaro, Patrick H. Yale University van Leeuwen, Piet University of Amsterdam, Netherlands van Santen, Rutger Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands Vogel, Viola ETH, Zürich, Switzerland Voit, Brigitte Institute for Polymer Research, Dresden, Germany Vorhees, Kent Colorado School of Mines Wagener, Ken University of Florida Waldmann, Herbert Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology, Germany Walt, David Tufts University Wang, Hongfei Chinese Academy of Sciences, China Wang, James Pennsylvania State University Ward, Michael New York University Weber, Peter Brown University Weckhuysen, Bert Utrecht University, Netherlands Weighardt, Karl Max Planck Institute for Bioinorganic Chemistry, Germany

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The Future of U.S. Chemistry Research: Benchmarks and Challenges Name Affiliation Weiner, Steve Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel Weiss, Shimon University of California, Los Angeles Welch, Michael University of Washington Weller, Horst University of Hamburg, Germany Wells, James University of California, San Francisco Whitesides, George M. Harvard University Williams, R.J.P. Northwestern University Williams, Stan Hewlett Packard Laboratories Wodtke, Alec University of California, Santa Barbara Wolynes, Peter University of California, San Diego Wooley, Karen University of Washington Wudl, Fred University of California, Los Angeles Yamato, Masayuki Tokyo Women’s Medical University, Japan Yamamoto, Hisashi University of Chicago Yang, Dan University of Hong Kong Yang, Peidong University of California, Berkeley Yang, Xueming Dalian University of Technology, China Yates, John Scripps Research Institute Yates, Steven W. University of Kentucky Yurke, Bernard Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies Zaera, Francisco University of California, Riverside Zare, Richard Stanford University Zasadzinski, Joseph University of California, Santa Barbara

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