advances in the scientific understanding and prediction of these global changes and their effects.

  1. Although significant Federal global change research efforts are underway, an effective Federal research program will require efficient interagency coordination, and coordination with the research activities of State, private, and international entities.

  1. PURPOSE.—The purpose of this title is to provide for development and coordination of a comprehensive and integrated United States research program which will assist the Nation and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to human-induced and natural processes of global change.


  1. ESTABLISHMENT.—The President, through the Council, shall establish a Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences. The Committee shall carry out Council functions under section 401 of the National Science and Technology Policy, Organization, and Priorities Act of 1976 (42 U.S.C. 6651) relating to global change research, for the purpose of increasing the overall effectiveness and productivity of Federal global change research efforts.

  2. MEMBERSHIP.—The Committee shall consist of at least one representative from—

    1. the National Science Foundation;

    2. the National Aeronautics and Space Administration;

    3. the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the Department of Commerce;

    4. the Environmental Protection Agency;

    5. the Department of Energy;

    6. the Department of State;

    7. the Department of Defense;

    8. the Department of the Interior;

    9. the Department of Agriculture;

    10. the Department of Transportation;

    11. the Office of Management and Budget;

    12. the Office of Science and Technology Policy;

    13. the Council on Environmental Quality;

    14. the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences of the National Institutes of Health; and

    15. such other agencies and departments of the United States as the President or the Chairman of the Council considers appropriate.

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