A Strategic Communication Plan,

 

57

   

 Summary of Guidance from the Literature,

 

60

4

 

CASE STUDIES OF GLOBAL CHANGE ASSESSMENTS

 

63

   

 Stratospheric Ozone Assessments,

 

65

   

 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,

 

71

   

 Global Biodiversity Assessment,

 

77

   

 National Assessment of Climate Change Impacts,

 

79

   

 Arctic Climate Impact Assessment,

 

83

   

 Millennium Ecosystem Assessment,

 

86

   

 The German Enquete Kommission,

 

90

   

 Synthesis and Assessment Products of the U.S. Climate Change Science Program,

 

93

5

 

ADVICE FOR EFFECTIVE ASSESSMENTS

 

99

   

 Framing the Assessment,

 

100

   

 Adequate Funding,

 

105

   

 Assessment Benefits, Opportunity Costs, and Efficiency Considerations,

 

106

   

 Timing and Frequency,

 

111

   

 Identifying, Engaging, and Responding to Stakeholders,

 

112

   

 Leadership and Organizational Structure,

 

122

   

 Integrated Assessments,

 

123

   

 Treatment of Uncertainty,

 

126

   

 A Credible and Independent Review Process,

 

127

   

 Developing Decision-Support Applications,

 

128

   

 Employing a Nested Matrix Approach,

 

129

 

 

REFERENCES

 

131

 

 

APPENDIXES

 

 

   

 A  Statement of Task

 

143

   

 B  U.S. Global Change Research Act of 1990

 

145

   

 C  Climate Change Science Program Synthesis and Assessment Products

 

159

   

 D  Climate Change Science Program Guidelines for Producing Its Synthesis and Assessment Products

 

163

   

 E  Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff

 

173

   

 F  Acronyms

 

181



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