Decisionmaking Capacity (1998); Research Involving Human Biological Materials: Ethical Issues and Policy Guidance (1999); Ethical Issues in Human Stem Cell Research (1999); Ethical and Policy Issues in International Research: Clinical Trials in Developing Countries, and Ethical and Policy Issues in Research Involving Human Participants (2001). Since 2001, she has been a member of the National Academies’ Board on Life Sciences and since 2006, she has been a member of the Institute of Medicine’s Board on Population Health and Public Health Practices. Professor Charo was elected to the Institute of Medicine in 2006.

Richard O. Hynes, Ph.D., is the Daniel K. Ludwig Professor for Cancer Research at the MIT Center for Cancer Research and Department of Biology, and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator. He was formerly head of the Biology Department and then director of the Center for Cancer Research at MIT. His research focuses on fibronectins and integrins and the molecular basis of cellular adhesion, both in normal development and in pathological situations, such as cancer, thrombosis, and inflammation. Dr. Hynes’ current interests are cancer invasion and metastasis, angiogenesis, and animal models of human disease states. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Medicine and is a Fellow of the Royal Society of London and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1997, he received the Gairdner International Foundation Award. In 2000, he served as president of the American Society for Cell Biology and testified before Congress about the need for federal support and oversight of embryonic stem cell research. He co-chaired the 2005 National Academies’ Guidelines for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research.


Eli Y. Adashi, M.D., M.S., FACOG, is currently the Dean of Medicine and Biological Sciences and the Frank L. Day Professor of Biology, the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University. Previously, Dr. Adashi served as the professor and chair of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Utah Health Sciences Center. Dr. Adashi is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, a member of the Association of American Physicians, and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Dr. Adashi is a former member of the Advisory Council of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and a former president of the Society for Reproductive Endo-

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