and in natural environments. Wichman uses the bacteriophage X174 and its relatives to study the molecular details of adaptive evolution. She studies the patterns and predictability of adaptation to novel environments such as host switching.

Wichman is also interested in applications of evolutionary biology to practical problems in industry, agriculture, and medicine. In 2001, she coauthored a comprehensive review article on applied evolution to offer examples for those who teach at the high school and undergraduate levels; it remains one of the most downloaded articles in the Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics series. This year she co-organized the National Institutes of Health’s Workshop on Evolution of Infections Diseases and participated in the National Science Foundation’s Workshop on Frontiers in Evolutionary Biology.

STAFF AND CONSULTANT BIOGRAPHIES

Jay B. Labov serves as a senior advisor for education and communications for the National Academy of Sciences and the National Research Council. He also served for three years as deputy director of the National Research Council’s Center for Education and was the study director and responsible staff officer for the NRC reports Enhancing Professional Development for Teachers: Potential Uses of Information Technology, Report of a Workshop (2007); Evaluating and Improving Undergraduate Teaching in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology (2003); Learning and Understanding: Improving Advanced Study of Mathematics and Science in U.S. High Schools (2002); Educating Teachers of Science, Mathematics, and Technology: New Practices for the New Millennium (2000); Transforming Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology (1999); Serving the Needs of Pre-College Science and Mathematics Education: Impact of a Digital National Library on Teacher Education and Practice (1999); and Developing a Digital National Library for Undergraduate Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology Education (1998).

He also currently oversees the National Academies’ activities to improve the teaching of evolution in public schools and a recently expanded effort to work more closely with disciplinary and professional societies on education issues. He has worked with many national organizations and professional societies to improve science education for both precollege and undergraduate students. He was elected as a Fellow in Education of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2005.


Edward Maibach is professor and director of the Center of Excellence in Climate Change Communication Research at George Mason University. Dr. Maibach is a highly experienced public health advocate and social change professional and a leading academic in the field of communication research. His work over the past 25 years has helped to define the fields of public health communication and social marketing, and his book Designing Health Messages: Approaches from Communication Theory and Public Health Practice is widely used by academics and practitioners alike. He earned his PhD in communication research from



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Staff and conSultant and in natural environments. Wichman uses the bacte- riophage X174 and its relatives to study the molecular BiographieS details of adaptive evolution. She studies the patterns and predictability of adaptation to novel environ- ments such as host switching. Wichman is also interested in applications of evo- Jay B. Labov serves as a senior advisor for educa- lutionary biology to practical problems in industry, tion and communications for the National Academy agriculture, and medicine. In 2001, she coauthored a of Sciences and the National Research Council. He comprehensive review article on applied evolution to also served for three years as deputy director of the offer examples for those who teach at the high school National Research Council’s Center for Education and undergraduate levels; it remains one of the most and was the study director and responsible staff downloaded articles in the Annual Review of Ecology officer for the NRC reports Enhancing Professional and Systematics series. This year she co-organized the Development for Teachers: Potential Uses of Information National Institutes of Health’s Workshop on Evolution Technology, Report of a Workshop (2007); Evaluating of Infections Diseases and participated in the National and Improving Undergraduate Teaching in Science, Science Foundation’s Workshop on Frontiers in Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology (2003); Evolutionary Biology. Learning and Understanding: Improving Advanced Study of Mathematics and Science in U.S. High Schools (2002); Educating Teachers of Science, Mathematics, and Technology: New Practices for the New Millennium (2000); Transforming Undergraduate Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology (1999); Serving the Needs of Pre-College Science and Mathematics Education: Impact of a Digital National Library on Teacher Education and Practice (1999); and Developing a Digital National Library for Undergraduate Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology Education (1998). He also currently oversees the National Academies’ activities to improve the teaching of evolution in public schools and a recently expanded effort to work more closely with disciplinary and professional societies on education issues. He has worked with many national organizations and professional societies to improve science education for both precollege and undergradu- ate students. He was elected as a Fellow in Education of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2005. Edward Maibach is professor and director of the Center of Excellence in Climate Change Communication Research at George Mason University. Dr. Maibach is a highly experienced public health advocate and social change professional and a leading academic in the field of communication research. His work over the past 25 years has helped to define the fields of public health communication and social marketing, and his book Designing Health Messages: Approaches from Communication Theory and Public Health Practice is widely used by academics and practitioners alike. He earned his PhD in communication research from Science, evolution, and creationiSm 64

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Stanford University in 1990. He has had the pleasure of serving as Worldwide Director of Social Marketing for Porter Novelli, as an associate director of the National Cancer Institute, and in various previous academic positions. Steve Olson is the author of Mapping Human History: Genes, Race, and Our Common Origins, a finalist for the 2002 nonfiction National Book Award and win- ner of the Science-in-Society Award from the National Association of Science Writers. His recent book, Count Down: Six Kids Vie for Glory at the World’s Toughest Math Competition, was named a best science book of 2004 by Discover magazine. He has written several other books, including Evolution in Hawaii and On Being a Scientist. He has been a consultant writer for the National Academy of Sciences and the National Research Council, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the National Institutes of Health, the Institute for Genomic Research, and many other organizations. Barbara Kline Pope is executive director for com- munications and the National Academies Press. She is responsible for an innovative and dynamic publish- ing operation of both scholarly and trade books that have been available on the Web free to read since 1995. Branding, marketing and audience research, derivative products, partnerships and distribution systems, and the public Web presence for the National Academies occupy her time in the communications aspects of her work. Recent research articles she has authored focus on the discipline of consumer behavior and include specific projects on business models for the digital publishing arena and the use of information sources by organizational buyers. She has been guest lecturer for marketing and technology courses at the University of Maryland and an adjunct faculty member at the University of Virginia’s continuing education program. She is on the board of directors of Hands On Science Outreach, a nonprofit organization that provides high- quality after-school science programs for children. Science, evolution, and creationiSm 65

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