institution. His research, beginning with field work with indigenous crops in Kenya, includes biodiversity and biotechnology, evolutionary and systems theory, science and technology policy studies, institutional change, and international trade and environmental policy. Dr. Juma has written widely on issues of science, technology and environment, including Science, Technology and Economic Growth: Africa’s Biopolicy Agenda for the 21stCentury. Juma is Kenyan, with a doctorate in science and technology policy studies from the University of Sussex.

Akinlawon Mabogunje was Chair of the Development Policy Centre in Ibadan, Nigeria until retirement, and serves as co-convener of the international Initiative on Science and Technology for Sustainability. He is also Chairman of the Nigerian Presidential Technical Committee on Housing and Urban Development. Formerly Professor of Geography, Dean of the Faculty of the Social Science, and Director of the Planning Studies Programme, University of Ibadan, he was also President of the International Geographical Union. Dr. Mabogunje served as Advisory Committee Chair for the Urban Management Programme of the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements and Vice-Chairman of the Directorate of Food, Roads and Rural Infrastructure, Office of the President, Nigeria. A Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences, Dr. Mabogunje’s work explores continuity and development of rural/urban/regional interactions in Africa over time, with increasing attention to future issues of sustainability. Mabogunje is from Nigeria with a doctorate in geography from University College London.

Barbara Underwood, Adjunct Professor of Nutrition (Pediatrics) at Columbia University, was until recently Scholar in Residence at the U.S. Institute of Medicine, and is Past President of the International Union of Nutritional Sciences. Prior to retirement she was Chemist at the National Eye Institute of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, where she also served a secondment as Scientist in the Nutrition Unit of the World Health Organization. Dr. Underwood has broad experience in international nutritional deficiency and maternal/child health problems, with recent work devoted to development of global policy and guidelines for the control of micronutrient deficiencies of vitamin A, iron, and iodine. Her laboratory developed and first applied in human populations the Relative Dose Response (RDR) test to indirectly identify depleted vitamin A stores. In addition, her research and training interests have focused on nutritional problems of mothers and children in deprived circumstances. Underwood is from the U.S., and has a doctorate in nutritional biochemistry from Columbia University.

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