areas, and tourist facilities. It is not possible to predict the location, scale and extent of new sinkholes, which pose real threats to people’s lives and assets.


River Jordan


Despite its importance, the Lower River Jordan has been turned into little more than an open sewer. Sewage from all of the communities along the Jordan River Valley, Israeli, Jordanian and Palestinian, is untreated and directed towards the river. Fresh water coming from the Sea of Galilee and the Yarmouk River have been diverted or dammed so that the Jordan River’s flow is today less then ten percent of its historic volume and that volume constitutes mostly sewage and diverted saline springs from the Sea of Galilee.

FIGURE 1 Map, Friends of the Earth, Middle East

The Call of the Governments of Jordan and Israel to Protect the Dead Sea

Friends of the Earth Middle East (FoEME) is seeking to conserve this unique trans-boundary ecosystem. In order to achieve this effort, FoEME desires to establish this area as a UNESCO World Heritage site and raise awareness about the area’s uniqueness and challenges. The focus area of the project is the Lower Jordan River Valley, between the Sea of Galilee and the Dead Sea.


Friends of the Earth Middle East (FoEME) support the governments of Jordan and Israel for their call made during the Johannesburg Earth Summit 2002 to protect the Dead Sea. We congratulate our governments for recognizing that they are responsible for the environmental problems facing the Dead Sea and that they have the responsibility to solve these issues cooperatively prior to comprehensive peace in the region.


The plan as currently presented by the governments to build a conduit from the



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