The population is estimated about 13.000 and is mostly involved in livestock production of some 50.000 heads of sheep and goat.


In the late 1980’s, government protection programs were intensified in this area to address the movement of sand dunes and the need to provide alternatives for pastoral communities. In spite of this effort, better techniques and strengthened community involvement are necessary to make programs successful.

Main objectives of the project are the following:

  • Infrastructure and agricultural land protection against sand erosion.

  • Rangeland development and livestock protection

  • Soil and water conservation

  • Improvement of rural population sources of revenues and combating rural exodus.

Main Accomplishments:

  • Seed collection and inventory of indigenous and exotic adapted species in the region.

  • Nursery work :

    • Nursery bud preparation.

    • Techniques of seeding production.

    • Local and exotic species grown and offered to farmers and organizations

    • Plantation in Menzel Habib (Henchir Snoussi)

  • Indigenous species (14)

    • Exotic species (2) were planted for multiple uses and for combating desertification with community participatory approach.

  • Rangeland management: target species were planted for rangeland improvement with the collaboration of the forestry department of Gabes.

Continuing activities:

Create an inventory of indigenous and cultivated species and collect genetic materials

  • Procure a drier and treatment unit for vegetative material.

  • Improve strategies for conservation of target species.

  • Elaborate and publish a guide for rational rangeland use.

  • Train farmers in rangeland management.

  • Install plant nurseries on local farms.

  • Regional exchanges

Treated Wastewater and Biosolids reuse

Project Description

Tunisian arid regions cover more than 75% of the country’s area. In these regions, the average annual precipitation ranges between 100 and 350 mm/year, with 90% of this area receiving less than 200 mm/year. With the awareness of limited water resources in the arid Tunisian zone, the Ministry of Agriculture has undertaken great efforts to mobilize available run-off by watershed management. However, the limited quantities of runoff and its high sediment and salt concentration and the high evaporation rates make it difficult to manage this water resource at a



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