FIGURE 1 A Proposed S&T ‘Divide’ Timeline.

The Contemporary Divide

The First World is made up mostly of the English-speaking world and Europe. Apart from Australia, most of the countries that belong to the economic or industrialized North actually lie north of the equator (World Bank Web Site).


The South is made up of the countries of South America, Africa, Middle East, South and South East Asia including China and India (Figure 2). Needless to say, most of the 57 Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) countries lie in the South.

FIGURE 2 Brandt’s North-South Divide, World Bank Web Site.1

1

Willy Brandt was a 1971 Nobel Peace Prize Winner and the Chairman of the Independent Commission on International Development Issues in 1977. He was known for his commitment as an international spokesman for better North-South relations.



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