served as director of the Literacies Institute in Newton, Massachusetts, and as project director of a number of sponsored grants in language and schooling as a research associate and instructor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. She has a B.A. from Barnard College and a Ph.D. in education (language and literacy) from the University of California, Berkeley.

Brian J. Reiser is professor of learning sciences at the School of Education and Social Policy at Northwestern University. His research concerns the design and study of investigation environments and inquiry support tools for science. These projects explore the design of computer-based learning environments that scaffold investigation and scientific argumentation about biological phenomena and the design of inquiry support tools that help students organize, reflect on, and communicate about the progress of their investigations. This work is being conducted as part of the initiatives of the Center for Learning Technologies in Urban Schools, which is working to understand how to make learning technologies a pervasive part of science classrooms in urban schools. Reiser is also a member of the core faculty of the Center for Curriculum Materials in Science, a collaboration of Project 2061, Michigan State University, Northwestern University, and the University of Michigan. He serves on the editorial boards of Interactive Learning Environments and the Journal of the Learning Sciences. He was a member of the NRC’s Committee on Test Design for K-12 Science Achievement. He has a Ph.D. in psychology from Yale University (1983).

Leona Schauble is professor of education at Vanderbilt University. Her research interests include the relations between everyday reasoning and more formal, culturally supported, and schooled forms of thinking, such as scientific and mathematical reasoning. Her research focuses on such topics as belief change in the contexts of scientific experimentation, everyday reasoning, causal inference, and the origins and development of model-based reasoning. Prior to her work at Vanderbilt, she worked at the University of Wisconsin, the Learning Research and Development Center at the University of Pittsburgh, and the Children’s Television Workshop in New York. She recently served as a member of the Strategic Educational Research Partnership, an NRC-affiliated venture designed to construct a powerful knowledge base, derived from both research and practice, that will support the efforts of school people at all levels with the ultimate goal of significantly improving student learning. Schauble has a Ph.D. in developmental and educational psychology from Columbia University (1983).

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