Temperature, 44, 57, 76

Theories/theorizing, 136

advanced, 77

creating meaningful problems, 128

defined, 4-5, 88

generating scientific evidence, 19, 25-26, 67, 74-75

naïve, 37, 44, 167

position driven discussions, 73-75, 93-94, 139-140, 141

Thermodynamics, 4, 57, 82

Thinking critically

introspection, 144

science and, 2

understanding students’ abilities, 15, 142-145

Third International Mathematics and Science Study, 62

Tiling, 12, 111

Tobacco hornworm growth, 117, 118

Trash and recycling unit, 159-160

U

Understanding science. See Scientific understanding

Units of measure, 12

University of Wisconsin–Madison, 169

V

Vanderbilt University, 167

Volume, 70, 72

W

Water displacement cup, 70

Weight and weighing experiments, 42, 57, 70, 72-75, 113, 168

Wellesley College, 167

Williams, Paul, 169

Windshitl, Mark, 154

Wisconsin Fast Plants, 114, 116, 119-124, 169

Writing and publishing research, 83, 138

Y

Yup’ik, 98

Z

Zero point, 12



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