TABLE E-1 International Disaster Databases






Web site


University (CRED)

Private (MunichRe)

Private (SwissRe)

University/NGO (La Red)



Insured risk

Insured risk


Hazard types with which disasters are associated

Natural and technological

Natural (rapid onset)

Natural and technological

Natural and technological

Criteria for disaster entry

At least 10 deaths or 100 affected, or state of emergency, or call for international assistance

1980-present: any property damage and person injured or killed. Before 1980, only “major” events

At least 20 deaths, or insured losses of at least U.S. $15.1 million or total loss of U.S. $74.9 milliona

Any social loss

Principal data source

Humanitarian agencies, governments, international media

Insurers, international media, supported by site visits

Insurers, international media

Local/ national media, agency and government reports

Time for new entry

Four weeks

Around three weeks

Annual revision

Around one week to one month

Period covered

1900-present, with goodaccuracy from 1980

Good accuracy from 1979



Data fields (not all data are available for every disaster event)b

Mortality, injured, homeless, total people affected, estimated economic loss

Insured and economic losses

Includes data on human losses for large-scale disasters

Insured losses

Economic loss, mortality, missing, injured, and homeless are also noted for large-scale disasters

Mortality; injured or missing victims; affected, destroyed, and affected houses; evacuated areas; roads, education centers, or livestock lost; economic losses

NOTE: NGO = nongovernmental organization.

aUsing 2004 U.S. dollars, monetary values annually adjusted.

bNo data set covers ecological loss.

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