parent-teacher association meetings, and use of the school for adult activities such as adult athletic leagues.

Some students remain on the campus and proceed directly to their after-school activities, while others leave campus and return for these activities. Some food consumed during the after-school period is provided by the school, while in other cases it is provided by students or others.

Given that high school students are often expected to decide what to eat, it is appropriate to give them more choice in the less formal environment after the school day ends. Tier 2 foods and beverages provide for an expanded variety while maintaining nutritional standards.

Standard 13: For on-campus fund-raising activities during the school day, Tier 1 foods and beverages are allowed for elementary middle, and high schools. Tier 2 foods and beverages are allowed for high schools after school. For evening and community activities that include adults, Tier 1 and 2 foods and beverages are encouraged.

Fund-raising or evening and community activities that include the use of foods and beverages should emphasize nutritious choices such as fruits or juices, vegetables, nuts, grain products, and nonfat or low-fat dairy products. The committee recognizes that attempting to regulate foods and beverages sold for fund-raising or offered at evening events attended by both students and adults is not practical and may not be desirable. The committee urges that when foods and beverages are used for such activities they be limited to items that meet Tier 1 and Tier 2 standards.


The recommended nutrition standards are among several elements of a school policy that could significantly improve the nutritional quality of foods offered in schools. While proposing a complete implementation and evaluation plan is beyond the scope of the study, the committee developed a framework and set of benchmarks on which such a plan can be developed. The key elements for success in implementing standards for competitive foods in schools are summarized in Box S-2, and recommended actions follow.

Action 1: Appropriate policy-making bodies ensure that recommendations are fully adopted by providing

  • regulatory guidance to federal, state, and local authorities;

  • designated responsibility for overall coordination and oversight to federal, state, and local authorities; and

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