APPENDIX B
Energy Requirements

Estimated Energy Requirements for Boys and Girls

In this sample, median physical activity levels (low active PAL) ranged from 1.47 to 1.54 in 5- to 10-year-old children, 1.53 to 1.79 (low active to active PAL) in 11- to 13- year-old children, and 1.63 to 1.89 (active PAL) in 14- to 18-year-olds. Based on this information, appropriate discretionary energy provided as snacks for elementary school children would range between 124 and 169 calories; for middle school children, between 163 and 236 calories, and for high school students, between 210 and 294 calories.



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appendix B Energy Requirements Estimated Energy Requirements for Boys and Girls In this sample, median physical activity levels (low active PAL) ranged from 1.47 to 1.54 in 5- to 10-year-old children, 1.53 to 1.79 (low active to active PAL) in 11- to 13- year-old children, and 1.63 to 1.89 (active PAL) in 14- to 18-year-olds. Based on this information, appropriate discretion- ary energy provided as snacks for elementary school children would range between 124 and 169 calories; for middle school children, between 163 and 236 calories, and for high school students, between 210 and 294 calories. 

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0 NUTRITION STANDARDS FOR FOODS IN SCHOOLS TABLE B-1 Estimated Energy Requirement (EER) for Boys 3 Through 18 Years of Age Total Energy Expenditure (kcal/d) Low Very Reference Reference Sedentary Active Active Active Age (y) Weight (kg) Height (m) PAL PAL PAL PAL 3 14.3 0.95 1,142 1,304 1,465 1,663 4 16.2 1.02 1,195 1,370 1,546 1,763 5 18.4 1.09 1,255 1,446 1,638 1,874 6 20.7 1.15 1,308 1,515 1,722 1,977 7 23.1 1.22 1,373 1,597 1,820 2,095 8 25.6 1.28 1,433 1,672 1,911 2,205 9 28.6 1.34 1,505 1,762 2,018 2,334 10 31.9 1.39 1,576 1,850 2,124 2,461 11 35.9 1.44 1,666 1,960 2,254 2,615 12 40.5 1.49 1,773 2,088 2,403 2,792 13 45.6 1.56 1,910 2,251 2,593 3,013 14 51 1.64 2,065 2,434 2,804 3,258 15 56.3 1.7 2,198 2,593 2,988 3,474 16 60.9 1.74 2,295 2,711 3,127 3,638 17 64.6 1.75 2,341 2,771 3,201 3,729 18 67.2 1.76 2,358 2,798 3,238 3,779 EER (kcal/d) Discretionary Energy (kcal/d) Low Very Low Very Sedentary Active Active Active Sedentary Active Active Active PAL PAL PAL PAL PAL PAL PAL PAL 1,162 1,324 1,485 1,683 105 119 134 151 1,215 1,390 1,566 1,783 109 125 141 160 1,275 1,466 1,658 1,894 115 132 149 170 1,328 1,535 1,742 1,997 120 138 157 180 1,393 1,617 1,840 2,115 125 146 166 190 1,453 1,692 1,931 2,225 131 152 174 200 1,530 1,787 2,043 2,359 138 161 184 212 1,601 1,875 2,149 2,486 144 169 193 224 1,691 1,985 2,279 2,640 152 179 205 238 1,798 2,113 2,428 2,817 162 190 219 254 1,935 2,276 2,618 3,038 174 205 236 273 2,090 2,459 2,829 3,283 188 221 255 295 2,223 2,618 3,013 3,499 200 236 271 315 2,320 2,736 3,152 3,663 209 246 284 330 2,366 2,796 3,226 3,754 213 252 290 338 2,383 2,823 3,263 3,804 214 254 294 342

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 APPENDIX B TABLE B-2 Estimated Energy Requirement (EER) for Girls 3 Through 18 Years of Age Total Energy Expenditure (kcal/d) Low Very Reference Reference Sedentary Active Active Active Age (y) Weight (kg) Height (m) PAL PAL PAL PAL 3 13.9 0.94 1,060 1,223 1,375 1,629 4 15.8 1.01 1,113 1,290 1,455 1,730 5 17.9 1.08 1,169 1,359 1,537 1,834 6 20.2 1.15 1,227 1,431 1,622 1,941 7 22.8 1.21 1,278 1,495 1,699 2,038 8 25.6 1.28 1,340 1,573 1,790 2,153 9 29 1.33 1,390 1,635 1,865 2,248 10 32.9 1.38 1,445 1,704 1,947 2,351 11 37.2 1.44 1,513 1,788 2,046 2,475 12 41.6 1.51 1,592 1,884 2,158 2,615 13 45.8 1.57 1,659 1,967 2,256 2,737 14 49.4 1.6 1,693 2,011 2,309 2,806 15 52 1.62 1,706 2,032 2,337 2,845 16 53.9 1.63 1,704 2,034 2,343 2,858 17 55.1 1.63 1,685 2,017 2,328 2,846 18 56.2 1.63 1,665 1,999 2,311 2,833 EER (kcal/d) Discretionary Energy (kcal/d) Low Very Low Very Sedentary Active Active Active Sedentary Active Active Active PAL PAL PAL PAL PAL PAL PAL PAL 1,080 1,243 1,395 1,649 97 112 126 148 1,133 1,310 1,475 1,750 102 118 133 158 1,189 1,379 1,557 1,854 107 124 140 167 1,247 1,451 1,642 1,961 112 131 148 176 1,298 1,515 1,719 2,058 117 136 155 185 1,360 1,593 1,810 2,173 122 143 163 196 1,415 1,660 1,890 2,273 127 149 170 205 1,470 1,729 1,972 2,376 132 156 177 214 1,538 1,813 2,071 2,500 138 163 186 225 1,617 1,909 2,183 2,640 146 172 196 238 1,684 1,992 2,281 2,762 152 179 205 249 1,718 2,036 2,334 2,831 155 183 210 255 1,731 2,057 2,362 2,870 156 185 213 258 1,729 2,059 2,368 2,883 156 185 213 259 1,710 2,042 2,353 2,871 154 184 212 258 1,690 2,024 2,336 2,858 152 182 210 257

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