APPENDIX C
Nutrition Standards for Competitive Foods Sold in Elementary, Middle, or High School Set by States

Table C-1 summarizes nutrition standards for competitive foods sold in schools, by state. Information in the table is based on detailed analyses, conducted by the Health Policy Tracking Service (HPTS), and includes policies that limit the times or types of competitive foods available for sale in vending machines, cafeterias, school stores, and snack bars.



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appendix C Nutrition Standards for Competitive Foods Sold in Elementary, Middle, or High School Set by States Table C-1 summarizes nutrition standards for competitive foods sold in schools, by state. Information in the table is based on detailed analyses, conducted by the Health Policy Tracking Service (HPTS), and includes poli- cies that limit the times or types of competitive foods available for sale in vending machines, cafeterias, school stores, and snack bars. 

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 NUTRITION STANDARDS FOR FOODS IN SCHOOLS TABLE C-1 Nutrition Standards For Competitive Foods Sold in Elementary, Middle, or High School Nutrition standards for competitive foods sold in schools (includes items sold à la carte, in school stores and/or vending machines) Does the state have nutritional standards for Max. calories Grade competitive Max. calories from saturated Max. % of sugar State Level foods? from fat fat by weight Alabama Elementary, Yes Less than 10% Not specified Not specified Middle, Daily Value of and High total fat Schools

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 APPENDIX C Additional restrictions on vending machine Max. calories from fat, saturated Restrictions fat, and on access sugar by Restrictions on beverages to vending Additional restrictions weight sold in vending machines machines Notes Competitive foods sold Refer to No carbonated soft None Recommendations through the vending additional drinks in elementary of Alabama De- machines, cafeteria snack restriction schools. Middle schools: partment of Edu- items, and the school column. 70% of selections in cation Nutrition stores must follow the vending machines are Subcommittee: Alabama’s Action for to be noncarbonated Schools should Healthy Kids standards. water, fruit juices, milk provide a consis- Those guidelines are as products, teas and sports tent environment follows: In 1 to 1.5 oz drinks; 30% of selections that is conducive serving, these snack foods can be carbonated soft to healthful are: drinks. Of those, at least eating behaviors • Low or moderate in 50% (15% of total) will during school fat (Less than 10% Daily be low/no calorie soft hours and during Value of total fat) drinks. High Schools: after-school child • Have less than 30 g of 50% of selections in care programs. carbohydrate vending machines are The vending and • Have less than 360 mg to be noncarbonated snack food items of sodium water, fruit juices, milk in this recom- • Contain 5% Daily products, teas and sports mendation shall Value (DV) or more drinks; 50% of selections be implemented (10% is healthiest) of can be carbonated soft at the beginning at least one: Vitamin drinks. Of those, at least of the 2006-07 A, Vitamin C, Iron, or 50% will be low/no school year except Calcium calorie soft drinks. when a conflict • Contain fiber (5% with previ- Daily Value) ously negotiated contracts exists. The changes for the cafeteria meals and à la carte items will need to be implemented in conjunction with the leader- ship of the State Child Nutri- tion Program. Each school’s strategic plan for Improving the School Nutrition Environment plan should be com- pleted by April 1, 2006 and ready for implementa- tion with the beginning of the 2006-07 school years. continued

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 NUTRITION STANDARDS FOR FOODS IN SCHOOLS TABLE C-1 Continued Nutrition standards for competitive foods sold in schools (includes items sold à la carte, in school stores and/or vending machines) Does the state have nutritional standards for Max. calories Grade competitive Max. calories from saturated Max. % of sugar State Level foods? from fat fat by weight Alaska Elementary, No N/A N/A N/A Middle, and High Schools Arizona Elementary, Yes 35% 10% 35% Middle, and High Schools Arkansas Elementary No N/A N/A N/A

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 APPENDIX C Additional restrictions on vending machine Max. calories from fat, saturated Restrictions fat, and on access sugar by Restrictions on beverages to vending Additional restrictions weight sold in vending machines machines Notes No N/A None None None School administrators 35%, No fruit/vegetable drinks N/A The Arizona are prohibited from sign- 10%, containing less than Nutrition Stan- ing food and beverage 35% 100% juice for Elemen- dards, released in contracts that include tary Schools and less than January 2006, go the sale of sugared, 50% juice for Middle into great detail carbonated beverages and Junior High Schools; and cannot be and all other foods of Whole milk (4% milk fully summarized minimal nutritional value fat); flavored or regular in a chart. The on elementary, middle Caffeine/Energy drinks; standards may and junior high school Sports drinks, Electrolyte- be found at campuses. Replacement drinks for http://www.ade. Elementary Schools only; state.az.us/ Carbonated beverages. health-safety/cnp/ HB2544/Arizo- naNutritionStan- dards.pdf. Prohibits access to N/A Prohibits in-school access Prohibits ac- None in-school vending to vending machines cess to machines offering food offering foods and in-school and beverages. Students beverages. vending ma- will not be served, have chines offer- access to, or be awarded ing foods and with competitive foods beverages. or FMNVs. Only food items that are part of the school’s meal will be sold in the cafeteria. School food service departments may not sell or give extra serving of desserts, french fries, or ice cream. continued

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 NUTRITION STANDARDS FOR FOODS IN SCHOOLS TABLE C-1 Continued Nutrition standards for competitive foods sold in schools (includes items sold à la carte, in school stores and/or vending machines) Does the state have nutritional standards for Max. calories Grade competitive Max. calories from saturated Max. % of sugar State Level foods? from fat fat by weight Arkansas Middle No. N/A N/A N/A (cont.) and High However, Schools portion size and nutrient standards to be released at a later date.

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 APPENDIX C Additional restrictions on vending machine Max. calories from fat, saturated Restrictions fat, and on access sugar by Restrictions on beverages to vending Additional restrictions weight sold in vending machines machines Notes See restrictions under All All FMNV and competi- Any vending Middle, junior vending machines. FMNV tive foods and beverages, machine that high, and high and com- including sodas, are contains schools may not petitive restricted to no more FMNV must serve, provide ac- foods and than 12 oz; the only be closed cess to, or award beverages, exception to this rule is during the students with including unsweetened, unflavored meal service competitive foods sodas, are water. A choice of two period if the or FMNVs until restricted fruits and/or 100% fruit machines are 30 minutes after to no juices must be offered for located in the the last lunch more than sale at the same time and food service period. 12 oz. place whenever competi- area. tive foods are sold. The standards require that at least 50% of the bever- ages made available for sale in vending machines and school stores be 100% fruit juice, low-fat or fat-free milk and unflavored, unsweetened water. continued

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0 NUTRITION STANDARDS FOR FOODS IN SCHOOLS TABLE C-1 Continued Nutrition standards for competitive foods sold in schools (includes items sold à la carte, in school stores and/or vending machines) Does the state have nutritional standards for Max. calories Grade competitive Max. calories from saturated Max. % of sugar State Level foods? from fat fat by weight California Elementary Yes, the 35% for each 10% for each 35% of total only food individual food individual food weight for each that may item. Does not item’s total individual food be sold include the sale calories may be item. Does not to a pupil of nuts, seeds, from saturated include the sale during egg, cheese, le- fat. Does not in- of nuts, seeds, breakfast gumes, and fruits clude the sale of egg, cheese, le- and lunch and vegetables nuts, seeds, egg, gumes, and fruits periods is that have not cheese, legumes, and vegetables food that been deep-fried. and fruits and that have not is sold vegetables that been deep-fried. as a full have not been meal. This deep-fried. does not prohibit the sale of fruit, nonfried vegetables, legumes, bever- ages, dairy products, or grain products if they meet the outlined nutritional standards. Nutritional standards apply in elementary schools for those individual food items sold during morning or afternoon breaks.

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 APPENDIX C Additional restrictions on vending machine Max. calories from fat, saturated Restrictions fat, and on access sugar by Restrictions on beverages to vending Additional restrictions weight sold in vending machines machines Notes The only food that may Allows The only beverages that None An elementary be sold to a pupil during for the may be sold in school school may permit breakfast and lunch sale of in- vending machines are the sale of food periods is food that dividually water, milk, and 100% and beverage is sold as a full meal. sold dairy fruit juices or fruit-based items that do not Individual items that meet or whole drinks that are at least comply with the the standards may be sold grain food 50% fruit juice with no food nutrition during morning or after- items added sweeteners. standards as noon breaks. These items if these part of a school must meet the 35/10/35 items fund-raising event restrictions and cannot meet the if the items are exceed 250 calories per 35/10/35 sold by pupils of individual food item. restric- the school and the tions and sale of those items do not ex- takes place off ceed 175 school premises calories and at least 30 per item. minutes after the end of the school day. continued

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 NUTRITION STANDARDS FOR FOODS IN SCHOOLS TABLE C-1 Continued Nutrition standards for competitive foods sold in schools (includes items sold à la carte, in school stores and/or vending machines) Does the state have nutritional standards for Max. calories Grade competitive Max. calories from saturated Max. % of sugar State Level foods? from fat fat by weight California Middle Yes. Re- 35% for each 10% for each 35% of total (cont). and High quires all individual food individual food weight for each Schools snacks sold item. Not to ex- item’s total calo- individual food (Beginning outside of ceed 250 calories ries may be from item. Not to ex- July 1, a USDA per individual saturated fat. ceed 250 calories 2007) meal food. Does not Not to exceed per individual program include the sale 250 calories per food. Does not to meet the of nuts, seeds, individual food. include the sale 35/10/35 egg, cheese, le- Does not include of nuts, seeds, restrictions gumes, and fruits the sale of nuts, egg, cheese, le- and cannot and vegetables seeds, egg, gumes, and fruits exceed 250 that have not cheese, legumes, and vegetables calories per been deep-fried. and fruits and that have not individual vegetables that been deep-fried. food item have not been with deep-fried. exemptions for nuts, seeds, egg, cheese, le- gumes, and fruits and vegetables that have not been deep-fried.

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 APPENDIX C Additional restrictions on vending machine Max. calories from fat, saturated Restrictions fat, and on access sugar by Restrictions on beverages to vending Additional restrictions weight sold in vending machines machines Notes Prohibits entrée items Allows By July 1, 2007, at least Access to A middle or sold outside of the USDA for the 50% of all beverages sold vending junior high school meal program from sale of in- from 30 minutes before machines is may permit the exceeding 400 calories dividually until 30 minutes after the restricted if sale of beverages and containing more than sold dairy school day must be: 1) products sold that do not com- 4 g of fat per 100 calories or whole Low- or nonfat milk or in vending ply with the state per item. grain food non dairy milk 2) Fruit machines if the sale of those items and vegetable juices with do not meet items meets all if these at least 50% fruit or nutritional of the following items vegetable juice 3) Water guidelines. criteria: 1) the sale meet the 4) Electrolyte drinks Products that occurs during a 35/10/35 with no more than 42 g do not com- school-sponsored restric- of added sweetener per ply with the event and takes tions and 20-oz serving. By July 1, nutritional place at the loca- do not ex- 2009, all beverages sold guidelines tion of the event ceed 250 to high school students may be avail- at the end of the calories must meet the above able for sale school day; and per item. requirements. no later than vending machines, 30 minutes pupil stores, and before the cafeterias are not start of used sooner than the school 30 minutes after day and no the end of the sooner than school day. 30 minutes after the end of the school day. continued

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 NUTRITION STANDARDS FOR FOODS IN SCHOOLS TABLE C-1 Continued Nutrition standards for competitive foods sold in schools (includes items sold à la carte, in school stores and/or vending machines) Does the state have nutritional standards for Max. calories Grade competitive Max. calories from saturated Max. % of sugar State Level foods? from fat fat by weight Texas (cont.) Middle Yes Schools and other Not specified Flavored or (Grades 6, vendors may not unflavored 7, 8)/Junior serve food items milks and other High containing more beverages may (Grades 7 than 28 g of fat contain no more and 8 or per serving size than 30 g total Grades 7, 8 more than twice sugar per 8 oz and 9) per week. By the serving. Frozen 2006-07 school fruit slushes year, the goal is must contain to reduce this a minimum of to 23 g of fat. 50% fruit juice. French fries and other fried potato products must not exceed 3 oz per serving, may not be offered more than three times per week, and students may only purchase one serving at a time. Schools serving potato chips should use reduced fat, no more than 5 g per oz, or baked varieties when possible.

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 APPENDIX C Additional restrictions on vending machine Max. calories from fat, saturated Restrictions fat, and on access sugar by Restrictions on beverages to vending Additional restrictions weight sold in vending machines machines Notes Yes. Prohibits a middle Must Prohibits a middle or Prohibits a Portion size or junior high school meet junior high school from middle or restrictions are from serving or providing nutrition serving or providing junior high placed on certain access to FMNV and all stan- access to FMNV and all school from food and beverage other forms of candy dards as other forms of candy at serving or items served or at any time, anywhere previously any time, anywhere on providing made available on school premises described. school premises until af- access to to students, with until after the last lunch ter the last lunch period. FMNV and the exception of period. Competitive Competitive foods may all other school meals. foods may not be served not be served to students forms of State policy to students anywhere on anywhere on school cam- candy at places restrictions school campus during pus during school meals. any time, on portion size school meals. Beginning anywhere for the follow- in 2006-07 school year, on school ing items: chips, schools should reduce the premises until baked chips, purchase of any products after the last crackers, popcorn, containing trans fats. lunch period. cereal, trail mix, Schools also must abide Competitive nuts, seeds, dried by maximum portion foods may fruit, jerky, pret- sizes outlined in the Texas not be served zels, cookies/ce- Public School Nutrition to students real bars, bakery Policy. anywhere on items, frozen des- school cam- serts, ice cream, pus during pudding, gelatin, school meals. yogurt, candy bar and packaged candies, frozen fruit slushes and beverage items. continued

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 NUTRITION STANDARDS FOR FOODS IN SCHOOLS TABLE C-1 Continued Nutrition standards for competitive foods sold in schools (includes items sold à la carte, in school stores and/or vending machines) Does the state have nutritional standards for Max. calories Grade competitive Max. calories from saturated Max. % of sugar State Level foods? from fat fat by weight Texas (cont.) High Yes Schools and other Not specified Flavored or School vendors may not unflavored milks serve food items and other bever- containing more ages, including than 28 g of fat those restricted per serving size as FMNV, may more than twice not contain more per week. By than 30 g total the 2006-2007 sugar per 8 oz school year, the serving. Frozen goal is to reduce fruit slushes this to 23 g of must contain fat. French fries a minimum of and other fried 50% fruit juice. potato products must not exceed 3 oz per serving, may not be offered more than three times per week, and student may only purchase one serving at a time. Utah Elementary, No N/A N/A N/A Middle, and High Schools

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 APPENDIX C Additional restrictions on vending machine Max. calories from fat, saturated Restrictions fat, and on access sugar by Restrictions on beverages to vending Additional restrictions weight sold in vending machines machines Notes No. Does not allow sale Must Prohibits the sale of Does not Portion size of FMNVs or competitive meet sugared, carbonated allow sale of restrictions are foods in food service ar- nutrition beverages in containers FMNVs or placed on certain eas where federal school stan- larger than 12 oz. Does competitive food and beverage meals are served. Begin- dards as not allow sale of FMNVs foods in food items served or ning in 2006-07 school previously or competitive foods in service areas made available year, schools should described. food service areas where where federal to students, with reduce the purchase of federal school meals are school meals the exception of any products containing served. are served. school meals. trans fats. Schools also State policy must abide by maximum places restrictions portion sizes outlined in on portion size the Texas Public School for the follow- Nutrition Policy. ing items: chips, baked chips, crackers, popcorn, cereal, trail mix, nuts, seeds, dried fruit, jerky, pret- zels, cookies/ce- real bars, bakery items, frozen des- serts, ice cream, pudding, gelatin, yogurt, candy bar and packaged can- dies, frozen fruit slushes and bever- age items. Portion sizes for high school students in comparison to elementary and middle school stu- dents are larger. No N/A None None None continued

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0 NUTRITION STANDARDS FOR FOODS IN SCHOOLS TABLE C-1 Continued Nutrition standards for competitive foods sold in schools (includes items sold à la carte, in school stores and/or vending machines) Does the state have nutritional standards for Max. calories Grade competitive Max. calories from saturated Max. % of sugar State Level foods? from fat fat by weight Vermont Elementary, No N/A N/A N/A Middle, and High Schools Virginia Elementary, No N/A N/A N/A Middle, and High Schools

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 APPENDIX C Additional restrictions on vending machine Max. calories from fat, saturated Restrictions fat, and on access sugar by Restrictions on beverages to vending Additional restrictions weight sold in vending machines machines Notes No N/A None None During 2004 session, H.B. 272 was enacted requiring the Department of Education to develop a model school fitness and nutrition policy, which includes a definition of nutri- tious foods, nutri- tional guidelines regarding foods sold or served by the food service program, vending machines, snack bars and school stores. Schools are not required to adopt model policy. The sale of food items for N/A None The sale of None the profit of any entity food items other than the school for the profit nutrition program is pro- of any entity hibited during the lunch other than period and from 6:00 am the school through the end of the nutrition last breakfast service. program is prohibited during the lunch period and from 6:00 am through the end of the last breakfast service. continued

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 NUTRITION STANDARDS FOR FOODS IN SCHOOLS TABLE C-1 Continued Nutrition standards for competitive foods sold in schools (includes items sold à la carte, in school stores and/or vending machines) Does the state have nutritional standards for Max. calories Grade competitive Max. calories from saturated Max. % of sugar State Level foods? from fat fat by weight Washington Elementary, No N/A N/A N/A Middle, and High Schools West Virginia Elementary, Yes Limited to not Not specified 40% Middle, more than 8 g and High of fat per one oz Schools serving or meet USDA standards for a lunch component. Wisconsin Elementary, No N/A N/A N/A Middle, and High Schools

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 APPENDIX C Additional restrictions on vending machine Max. calories from fat, saturated Restrictions fat, and on access sugar by Restrictions on beverages to vending Additional restrictions weight sold in vending machines machines Notes No N/A None None Legislation enacted in 2004 requires Washing- ton State School Directors Asso- ciation to develop model school nu- trition policy but does not require schools to adopt the policy. Schools are required to have a policy. No candy, soft drinks All “other Soft drinks may not No candy, “Other foods” (exception for high foods” be sold in elementary, soft drinks are defined as any school), chewing gum or made middle or junior high (exception for food or beverage, flavored ice bars will be avail- schools through vending high schools), other than those sold or served during the able will machines, in school stores chewing gum, served as part of school day. All “other follow the or on-site fund-raisers or flavored the school meal, foods” will reflect the nutri- during the school day. ice bars will including snacks Dietary Guidelines or tional Schools are only permit- be sold or from vending meet the USDA standard guide- ted to sell “healthy bever- served during machines, foods for a lunch component lines as ages” during the school the school sold during school (see notes for definition indicated. day, defined as water, day. hours for fund- of “other foods”). Only 100% fruit and vegetable raising, and foods meal components may be juice, low-fat milk and served at parties. sold as à la carte items other juice beverages with “Other foods” do for breakfast, and only at least 20% real juice. not include those fluid milk, milk shakes For those high schools brought to school and bottled water may be that permit the sale of by individual sold as à la carte items soft drinks, “healthy students for their for lunch. Any juice or beverages” must account own consumption. juice product sold or for at least 50% of the served must contain a total beverages offered minimum of 20% fruit and must be located near juice. the vending machines containing soft drinks. No N/A None None None continued

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 NUTRITION STANDARDS FOR FOODS IN SCHOOLS TABLE C-1 Continued Nutrition standards for competitive foods sold in schools (includes items sold à la carte, in school stores and/or vending machines) Does the state have nutritional standards for Max. calories Grade competitive Max. calories from saturated Max. % of sugar State Level foods? from fat fat by weight Wyoming Elementary, No N/A N/A N/A Middle, and High Schools aThe regulations for the Federal School Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program do not prohibit the sale of foods in competition with reimbursable meals as long as those foods are not considered to be foods of minimal nutritional value. These FMNV may not be sold or served in food service areas during breakfast or lunch. Exceptions to the rule are specified by the USDA. bThe USDA categorizes foods of minimal nutritional value as soda water (which includes carbonated beverages), water ices (except those that contain fruit or fruit juices), chewing gum, and certain candies (including hard candy, jellies and gums, marshmallow candies, fondant, licorice, spun candy and candy- coated popcorn). SOURCE: Health Policy Tracking Service, a service of Thomson West. Data current as of December 31, 2005.

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 APPENDIX C Additional restrictions on vending machine Max. calories from fat, saturated Restrictions fat, and on access sugar by Restrictions on beverages to vending Additional restrictions weight sold in vending machines machines Notes No N/A None None School districts can make their policies stricter.

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