TABLE 2-1 Types of Residences in the American Community Survey (ACS)

Residence Type

2000 Population (Percentage)

Housing Unit Residencea




Single-family, detached




Single-family, attached




2-or-more-unit structure





In an apartment building (including condominium or co-op)





In an assisted living facility with separate apartments





In a group quarters (e.g., house master’s residence)





In a home (e.g., basement apartment, upstairs apartment)





In multi-unit military family housing on or off base




Mobile home that is occupied or, if vacant, that is permanently sited




Boat at a mooring, RV, or occupied van



Institutional Group Quarters Residence (beginning in 2006 ACS)




Nursing home or other long-term care facility




Correctional institution (for example, prison or jail)




Other institutions (for example, hospital or residential school for people with disabilities, long-term care home for juveniles)



Noninstitutional Group Quarters Residence (beginning in 2006 ACS)




College dormitory




Military quarters (in barracks on a base; on a ship assigned to home port)




Other noninstitutional group quarters





Residence in the ACS and the 2000 Long-Form Sample






Convent, monastery






Group home






Halfway home












Job Corps center






Migrant worker quarters






Shelter, emergency shelter






YMCA, YWCA, hostel





Residence NOT in the ACS but in the 2000 Long-Form Sample






Circus quarters






Crews on merchant ships






Domestic violence shelter






Recreational vehicle in a campground






Soup kitchen or mobile food van site






Street location for the homeless



aHousing units are separate living quarters with direct access from the outside or through a common hall (U.S. Census Bureau, 2006:D-17).

bIncludes 170,706 people (0.06 percent of the population of 281.4 million in 2000) living in emergency shelters for the homeless, shelters for runaway children, transitional shelters, and hotels and motels used to provide shelter for people without conventional housing (U.S. Census Bureau, 2001).

SOURCES: Types of residences adapted from U.S. Census Bureau (2006:Ch. 8, Attachment A); population percentages from, Summary File 1, Table P37; Summary File 3, Table H33.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement