Currently, NSTE efforts conducted by the Army are primarily in the area of information and communications. Much less work is ongoing in human performance in networks and other priority network areas described in Chapter 2. Figure 3-1 depicts the principal Army organizations currently engaged in NSTE, and Table 3-1 summarizes the present physical locations for ongoing work in each of the priority network areas. Specific organizations and their work are discussed below.
NSTE efforts in information and communications are performed at the Army Research Laboratory (ARL), which includes the Army Research Office (ARO), and at the Communications-Electronics Research, Development, and Engineering Center (CERDEC). Most of this work takes place at three major sites: ARL, Adelphi, Maryland; Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG), Maryland; and Ft. Monmouth, New Jersey. Although the committee was provided with only minimal financial data, it estimated that in Fiscal Year 2006, total NSTE investments in information and communications networks were ~$145 million, with ARL responsible for basic and applied research (~$70 million) and CERDEC responsible for applied research, advanced technology development, and experimentation (~$75 million).1
ARL is the Army’s corporate, or central, laboratory for basic and applied research. Its mission is to provide innovative science, technology, and analysis to enable the full spectrum of operations. In general, the Army relies on ARL for scientific discoveries, technologic advances, and analyses to provide warfighters with capabilities to succeed on the battlefield.
ARL consists of ARO and seven directorates. Those directly involved in NSTE are ARO, the Computational and Information Sciences Directorate (CISD), and the Human Research and Engineering Directorate (HRED). The HRED efforts are discussed in the section below titled “Human Performance in Networks.”
The directorate primarily engaged in NSTE at ARL is CISD, which conducts a broad spectrum of research focused on high-bandwidth communication, advanced command and control (C2) techniques, battlefield visualization, weather decision aids, and defensive information operations. CISD also addresses scientific developments that would enable modeling, design, analysis, prediction, and control in the performance of a complex network of networksin particular, tactical sensor and communications networks and the overlying decision-making networks.