Reference

Study Design

Description

Study Group (n)

Comparison Group (n)a

Fett et al., 1987b

Cohort

Cause-specific mortality experience in Vietnam veterans, compared with Vietnam-era veterans through 1981

19,205

25,677

Forcier et al., 1987

Cohort

Mortality in Vietnam veterans by job classification, location, time of service

19,205

Internal comparison

Donovan et al., 1983, 1984

Case– control

Congenital anomalies in children (1969–1979), compared with infants born without anomalies, for association with paternal Vietnam service

8,517

8,517

STUDIES OF VIETNAM VETERANS FROM OTHER COUNTRIES

Other Vietnam-Veteran studies Reviewed in Update 2004

Kim H-A et al., 2003

Cohort

Immunotoxicologic effects of Agent Orange exposure on Korean Vietnam veterans

51 (24 veterans– patient; 27 veterans–normal)

36

Kim J-S et al., 2003

Cross-sectional

Agent Orange exposure and Korean Vietnam veterans

1,224

154

Mo et al., 2002

Cohort

Skin and general disease patterns among Korean Vietnam veterans

332

None

Other Vietnam-Veteran studies Reviewed in Update 1998

Chinh et al., 1996

Cohort

Antinuclear antibodies and sperm autoantibodies among Vietnamese veterans who served 5–10 years in a “dioxin-sprayed zone”

25

63; 36

ABBREVIATIONS: 2,4,5-T, 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid; AFHS, Air Force Health Study; CDC, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; CDVA, Commonwealth Department of Veterans’ Affairs; HD, Hodgkin’s disease; MVA, motor vehicle accidents; NIOSH, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health; NHL, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma; NMES; National Medical Expenditure Survey; PTSD, posttraumatic stress disorder; SMR, standardized mortality ratio; STS, soft-tissue sarcoma; TCDD, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin; Update 2006, Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2006 (IOM, 2007); Update 2004, Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2004 (IOM, 2005); Update 2002, Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2002 (IOM, 2003); Update 2000, Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 2000 (IOM, 2001); Update 1998, Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 1998 (IOM, 1999); Update 1996, Veterans and Agent Orange: Update 1996 (IOM, 1996); and VAO, Veterans and Agent Orange: Health Effects of Herbicides Used in Vietnam (IOM, 1994).

a Comparison group based on a population (e.g., US white men, country rates); details are given in the text for population specifics.



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