FIGURE 3-1 Roles of the participants involved in the presumptive disability decision-making process for veterans.
a Stakeholders include (but are not limited to) veterans service organizations (VSOs), veterans, advisory groups, federal agencies, and the general public; these stakeholders provide input into the presumptive process by communicating with Congress, VA, and independent organizations (e.g., the National Academies).
b Congress has created many presumptions itself; in 1921, Congress also empowered the VA Secretary to create regulatory presumptions; on several occasions in the past, Congress has directed VA to contract with an independent organization (e.g., the National Academies) to conduct studies and then use the organization’s report in its deliberations of granting or not granting regulatory presumptions.
c VA can establish regulatory presumptions; VA sometimes contracts with the National Academies to conduct studies and uses the organization’s report in its deliberations of granting or not granting regulatory presumptions.
d The National Academies (Institute of Medicine and National Research Council) submit reports to VA based on requests and study charges from VA.