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NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.
This study was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and the Department of Health and Human Services (Contract Nos. 223-01-2460, HHSP233200600500P, HHSP23320042509X1, HHSP2330060043OP, and N01-OD-4-2139), the Department of Veterans Affairs (Contract No. V101(93)P-2136), Abbott Laboratories, American Diabetes Association, American Society for Microbiology, Amgen, Inc., Association of American Medical Colleges, AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals, Blue Cross Blue Shield Association, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, Eli Lilly and Company, Entelos, Inc., GlaxoSmithKline, Johnson and Johnson, March of Dimes Foundation, Merck and Company, Pfizer, Inc., Schering-Plough Research Institute, and UnitedHealth Group. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project.
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Copyright 2007 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
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Suggested citation: Institute of Medicine (IOM). 2007. Understanding the Benefits and Risks of Pharmaceuticals: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.