applications of his invention, manage projects, and pursue concepts for new generations of integrated circuits. He was instrumental in the continuing development of integrated circuit technology during those years, as he worked “hands on” on various aspects of design, packaging, and process technology tools.
In 1970, he took a leave of absence from TI to become an independent consultant, focusing his energies on integrated circuits, primarily in consumer-related applications. He explored, among other subjects, the use of silicon technology for generating electrical power from sunlight. From 1978 to 1984, he served as Distinguished Professor of Electrical Engineering at Texas A&M University. He officially retired from TI in 1983 but continued to do consulting work with the company and maintained a significant relationship with TI until his death. In later years, Jack was director of a few corporate boards and a member of advisory committees for selected organizations.
Jack’s work laid the foundation for the field of modern microelectronics and moved the industry toward the miniaturization and integration that continues today. As a pioneer in the industry, he received innumerable honors and awards recognizing his contributions to the field and their impact on the world at large.
Jack was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics (2000) for his role in the invention of the integrated circuit. He was one of only 13 Americans to receive both the National Medal of Science and the National Medal of Technology, the highest technical awards given by the U.S. government. He was awarded the Kyoto Prize in Advanced Technology, Japan’s highest private award for lifetime achievement. He was also the recipient of the first international Charles Stark Draper Prize, the world’s top engineering award, from the National Academy of Engineering.
Jack was elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering in 1967, was an IEEE Fellow, and held more than 60 patents for a variety of electronics inventions. In addition to the integrated circuit, these included the handheld electronic calculator and the thermal printer, both of which he co-invented.