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ment of articulators, including the larynx. Haskins Laboratories attracted scientists from around the world to this research. For example, Frank arranged for a series of young Japanese otolaryngologists to work with staff and students on projects using electromyography and other techniques to understand how the muscles of the larynx and other articulators are coordinated during speech production. Over the years, Haskins Laboratories produced a cohort of researchers who have contributed to our understanding of the production, acoustics, and perception of speech.

Drawing on his background in physics and engineering, combined with his insights into linguistics, psychology, and physiology, Frank developed a unique research style. He was instrumental in bringing the interdisciplinary study of speech perception and production into the domain of quantitative science. As president and research director of Haskins Laboratories for many years, his gentle encouragement engendered enthusiasm for research and led to direct associations with many academic institutions in the Northeast.

In addition to his administrative and research activities, Frank served on a number of academic and scientific boards and committees, including the National Advisory Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke Council, an advisory panel on the White House tapes, and for a number of years, the visiting committee of the Department of Linguistics of MIT. He was also an adjunct professor of phonetics at Columbia University.

He is survived by two sons, Alan of Palo Alto, California, and Craig of Nellysford, Virginia, four grandchildren, and five great grandchildren.

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