• Establishing a central mechanism for coordination of investigator-initiated proposal submissions (Chapter 8).

  1. CDC should authorize an analysis of the funding levels necessary for effective Prevention Research Center functioning, taking into account the levels authorized by P.L. 98–551 as well as the amount of prevention research occurring in other institutions and organizations (Chapter 8).

  2. NIH should increase the portion of its budget allocated to population-and community-based prevention research that

    • Addresses population-level health problems;

    • Involves a definable population and operates at the level of the whole person;

    • Evaluates the application and impacts of new discoveries on the actual health of the population; and

    • Focuses on the behavioral and environmental (social, economic, cultural, physical) factors associated with primary and secondary prevention of disease and disability in populations.

    Furthermore, the committee recommends that the Director of NIH report annually to the Secretary of DHHS on the scope of population and community-based prevention research activities undertaken by the NIH centers and institutes (Chapter 8).

  1. Academic institutions should develop criteria for recognizing and rewarding faculty scholarship related to service activities that strengthen public health practice (Chapter 8).

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