Study

Study Design

Population

Outcomes

Results

Adjustments

Comments

Proctor et al. 2001

Cohort study, part of larger longitudinal GW cohort study

Fort Devens cohort (n = 186) and New Orleans cohort (n = 66) of GW-deployed veterans, small comparison population of Germany-deployed veterans from Maine National Guard (n = 48)

CAPS used for PTSD, SCID used for other psychiatric disorders

Both gulf-deployed groups reported higher individual symptom prevalence on items that make up body system symptom scores compared with Germany-deployed group; report of frequent periods of anxiety or nervousness OR 7.1 (Fort Devens) and OR 5.3 (New Orleans); self-reported symptoms of frequent periods of feeling depressed significant only for Fort Devens cohort (OR 6.0); 95% CI excludes 1.0 for all comparisons

Adjustment for oversampling of women, participation bias, age, sex, education

Health symptoms are all self-reports

Wolfe et al. 1999

Cohort study as part of larger longitudinal GW cohort study (same cohorts as used by Proctor et al. 2001)

Fort Devens cohort (n = 148) and New Orleans cohort (n = 56) of GW-deployed veterans, small comparison population of Germany-deployed veterans from Maine National Guard (n = 48)

SCID to examine relationship of psychiatric disorders with health problems

Rates of current and lifetime PTSD: 5.4% and 6.5% (Fort Devens), 7.2% and 8.2% (New Orleans), 0% and 0% (Germany-deployed)

Adjustment for over-sampling of females, participation bias, age, sex, education

 

Rates of current and lifetime MDD: 6.6% and 22.5% (Fort Devens), 4.5% and 10.2% (New Orleans), 0% and 4.2% (Germany-deployed)

 

Fiedler et al. 2006

Cross-sectional

967 GW-deployed and 784 era veterans (67% active duty, 15% National Guard, 18% reserve); 1765

Telephone interview using CIDI based on the DSM-III-R

Deployed vs nondeployed had significantly (p < 0.05) greater prevalence in preceding 12 months: major depression 15.1% vs 7.8%, panic attack 1.6% vs

Self-reports 10 years after conflict

Response rate 55%, differences in demographics between respondents and nonrespondents



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