TABLE 5-2 Estimated Prevalence of PTSD in U.S. Military Populations

Population

PTSD Prevalence

How Measured

When Assessed

Reference

OEF combat troops

Current: predeployment 5%; 6% postdeployment (n = 1962)

PTSD Checklist

Army: 3-4 months after return from combat duty

Hoge et al. 2004

OIF combat troops

Current: 5% predeployment; 12-13% postdeployment Iraq (n = 1709)

PTSD Checklist

Army: 1 week before deployment and 3-4 months after return from combat duty

Marines: 3-4 months after return from combat duty

Hoge et al. 2004

 

Current: 14-17% (n = 1767)

PTSD Checklist

9 months into deployment

MHAT 2006

Gulf War veterans

Current: 3.4% (n = 967)

CIDI

February 2000-October 2001

Fiedler et al. 2006

 

Current: Ft. Devens 5%, 8% (n = 148)

New Orleans 7%, 8% (n = 58)

(according to CAPS and Mississippi Scale, respectively)

CAPS for 75% of subjects

Ft. Devens cohort: initial survey within 5 days of return (spring 1991) and winter 1992/spring 1993

Proctor et al. 1998

 

Mississippi Scale for Desert Storm War Personnel for 99% of subjects

 

New Orleans cohort: initial survey within 9 months of return in 1991 and summer 1994/fall 1995

 

 

Current: 12% (n = 11441)

PTSD Checklist

November 1995-1997

Kang et al. 2003

 

Lifetime: 6.2% (n = 1061)

CAPS

10 years after war

Toomey et al. 2007

 

Current: 8-9.2% (n = 1524)

17-item questionnaire based on DSM-III-R criteria Impact of Event Scale Brief Symptom Inventory

1.5-2 years after war

Stretch et al. 1996

Vietnam veterans

Current: 15% men (n = 1200), 8.5% women (n = 432)

Lifetime: 30.6% men, 26.9% women

Mississippi Scale for Combat-Related

PTSD

DIS

MMPI PTSD Scale

SCID

15 or more years after service

Kulka et al. 1990

 

Current: 9.1%

Lifetime: 18.7% (n = 1200)

Military records

Historical accounts

Diagnostic histories of PTSD

MMPI

SCID

1988 for NVVRS

Dohrenwend et al. 2006

 

Current: 2.2%

Lifetime: 14.7% post deployment (n = 2490)

DIS

MMPI

11-12 years after Vietnam War; 15-20 years after Army service

CDC 1988



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